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Biochemistry Seminar:  Enrique M. De La Cruz

  • Date
    Wed, Oct 09

    Time
    12:00 PM — 1:00 PM

    Website
    http://forum.sci.ccny.cuny.edu/administration/chemistry/events

    Address
    Marshak
    160 Convent Ave

    Location
    Marshak, MR-1027

    p: 212.650.8803

    Admission
    Free

  • Event Details

    Enrique M. De La Cruz, "Cells use chemistry & physics to break the bones that power their movement"

    Enrique M. De La Cruz, Dept of Molecular Biophysics & Biochemistry, Yale University, will give a talk titled, "Cells use chemistry and physics to break the bones that power their movement."

    ABSTRACT:  The polymerization of the protein actin into helical filaments powers many eukaryotic cell movements and provides cells with mechanical strength and integrity.  The actin regulatory protein, cofilin, promotes actin assembly dynamics by severing filaments and increasing the number of ends from which subunits add and dissociate.  I will present results from biochemical and biophysical studies focused on defining in chemical and physical terms (thermodynamics, structure, mechanics and kinetics) how cofilin binds and fragments actin filaments.  The experimental data are well described by a model in which discontinuities in filament topology and compliance generate stress accumulation and promote fracture preferentially at junctions of bare and cofilin-decorated segments along filaments. Computational modeling and simulations indicate an intrinsic coupling between bending and twisting is an important component of filament elasticity contributing to stress accumulation.
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