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Anthropology

Courses

COURSES

Following is a comprehensive list of courses offered by the Department of Anthropology. For a listing of the courses offered this semester, please check the current course schedule.

The general prerequisite for elective courses is either Anthropology 10100 or sophomore standing, or permission of the instructor. Other prerequisites may be listed under certain courses.


CORE COURSES

10100: General Anthropology
Humankind from its beginnings in Africa to the present. Course focuses on human biological and cultural evolution through prehistoric times, identification of cultural bias in attempts to understand the human past and present, and exploration of the fallacies of racial and cultural superiority. Topics include the development of social stratification, cultural definitions of reality, language and thought, alternative ways of generating cooperation and handling conflict, culture change and "modernization." 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

10101: General Anthropology—Honors
For students enrolled in the Freshman Honors Program: an alternative version of the introductory course designed to provide greater student participation, more writing, and student-instructor interaction. 4 HR./WK.; 4 CR.


INTRODUCTORY COURSES


20000: Archaeology
The basic aims and methods of archaeological field work and interpretation, with emphasis on the interrelationship of archaeology to general anthropology. Strategies involving the reconstruction of culture, history, past life ways, and processual and post-processual studies will be reviewed against a background survey of world prehistory. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

20100: Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Human universals and differences in family life, economics, politics and religion in societies around the world. Insights about American life and about how the world's peoples are interdependent. Emphasis on major controversies and issues about gender relations, economic development, inequality, violence and aggression, religion, healing and cultural identity. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

20200: Languages and Dialects in Cross-Cultural Perspective
A survey of the origin, evolution, structure, and social use of languages and dialects. Topics included are multilingualism, speech events and genres, language and education, language and thought, child language acquisition, Creole languages, varieties of Spanish, and African-American English. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

20300: Human Origins
An introduction to human diversity, the relationship of humans to other animals, the fossil record, non-human behavior, genetics, and forensics. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

21002: Writing for the Social Sciences
To develop the skills necessary for writing in the social sciences through the methods and techniques used in Anthropology. The focus of the course is on ethnography (a primarily descriptive account of a single cultural scene). Students will explore the steps used to create an ethnography, including reviewing previous research, formulating hypotheses based on this review, gathering data through fieldwork, and writing a research paper on the results. Prereq.: Eng 11000. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

ADVANCED COURSES:

ARCHAEOLOGY

20500: Historical Archaeology

Archaeological investigations of complex, historic civilizations. Disciplines such as Classical, Medieval, and Islamic archaeology will be discussed, but emphasis will be on the study of sites, and remains left by the expansion of Europe into the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Oceania before the industrial revolution. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

20501: Historical Archaeology Field School
Basic field experience in the creation of a research design, the excavation of selected sites, the recovery and classifying of artifacts, and laboratory analysis. Excavations will be conducted in the New York metropolitan area on local historic sites and will concentrate on the pre-industrial period. (W) 6 HR./WK., LAB. AND EXCAVATION; 5 CR.

21500: The Origins of Civilization and the State
The background and development of urban society in the Old World from the Neolithic period. Life in the early cities of Africa, Asia and the Mediterranean, as revealed by archaeological data. The nature of and reasons for similarities and differences. (W) 3 HR./WK., 3 CR.

32100: Theory and Method in Archaeology
An intensive contemporary and historical review of the various theoretical positions and strategies in archaeological research. The impact of the various perspectives in general anthropological theory as well as that of such individuals as W.W. Taylor and L. Binford, with a special emphasis on "Processual Archaeology." (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

SOCIOCULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

22500: Class, Ethnicity and Gender
Interrelationship of social organization with economical, political, and religious structures in selected societies chosen to represent various levels of integration in different parts of the world. Modern issues facing increasingly heterogeneous urban societies. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

22600: Culture, Personality, and Behavior
Anthropological approaches to the study of the interaction between cultural and psychological phenomena in different societies and ethnic groups. Topics include child rearing patterns; perception and logic; socialization patterns and the learning process; formal education and its interface with cultural concepts of class, status, knowledge, and power; maintenance and change of cultural and ethnic identity; adult personality and national character; trance and possession states; mental illness. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

22800: Anthropology of Urban Areas
Anthropological perspectives on the understanding of the urban experience. Urbanization and urbanism from an international perspective. The forces that shape people's lives in the metropolis. Topics will include the role of ethnicity, race, class, poverty and culture in urban life. Emphasis on urban institutions, ethnicity, race and class in New York City. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

22900: Cultural Change and Modernization
The impact of Western colonial systems on the politics and cultures of the Third World. The growth of new nations and national institutions in Africa, Asia and Latin America. (W). 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

23100: Anthropology of Law
The comparison of legal institutions and practices and of cultural concepts of danger and crime, conformity and conflict, and dispute management and settlement in non-Western societies and in the urban United States. Topics include law and social change; ordeals and verbal dueling; the relationship of legal practices to class, status and power with emphasis on the position of marginal groups and individuals; American family law; and American Indian law. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

23200: Witchcraft, Magic and Religion
The relationship between social behavior and ideas about supernatural forces. Topics include the origin and role of religion in society; comparison of types of supernatural beings, powers, and religious practitioners; the practice of witchcraft and magic in different societies and ethnic groups; the interpretation of ritual symbols and mythology. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

23600: Sex, Marriage, and Family in  Cross-Cultural Perspective
Courting, mating and sexual patterns, psychocultural dynamics of marriage forms, rituals and mores, parenting patterns, and the impact of separation and divorce cross-culturally. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

24000-24700: Special Area Studies
A group of courses devoted to the study of the cultures and societies of major world areas. Economic patterns, social structures, political organization and religious life. Relation of traditional cultures to contemporary politics. (W)

24000: Peoples of Africa
Traditional and modern African cultures viewed on their own terms; African roots of all humanity; the nature of pre-colonial societies; legacy of slavery and colonialism. Special topics include apartheid, African arts and music, African descendants in the Americas, alternate healing systems, and communal religion and trance. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

24200: Peoples of the Caribbean
This course examines the cultural formation of the Caribbean and the diversity of contemporary Caribbean societies. Both the colonial and post-colonial experience of the Afro-Caribbean and the Hispanic Caribbean will be explored. Among the topics to be discussed will be family, religion, rural and urban life, race, color and class, and international migration. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.
 
24300: Peoples of Latin America
Review of the pre-conquest civilizations of Middle and South America provides a historical basis for considering contemporary cultures and societies of the western hemisphere south of the U.S. border. Varieties of adaptation in horticultural villages of the Amazon, peasant cultivators of highland Andes and Mexico, and urban dwellers will be compared using recent ethnographies. Migration of Hispanics from Latin America to the U.S. will be addressed. (W). 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

24600: Peoples of the Middle East
3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

24800: Field Work Methods in Cultural Anthropology
First hand experience with cultural diversity in New York City, with emphasis on direct observation in various neighborhoods and institutional settings. Problems of gathering and analyzing qualitative and quantitative data, framing research questions, and the ethics of research in culturally unfamiliar settings. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

24900: Visual Anthropology
Selected world cultures and societies as viewed through the camera lens. Comparisons are drawn between visual and
printed records, different styles of filmmaking, and changing cultural patterns. The evolution of anthropology as a discipline. Selected film topics include patterns of work, ritual, the construction of gender roles, and child socialization. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.


25400: American Cultural Patterns
Anthropological perspectives on contemporary United States culture: ethnic and class variations; effect of mass communication on cultural expression; impact of business and commercial enterprise on the development of culture. Critiques of American culture from national and foreign sources. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

25500: Anthropology of Health and Healing
The cultural and ecological aspects of human disease, the evolution of humanity and its ills, and the study of healing on a cross-cultural basis. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

25600: Women in Cross-Cultural Perspective
Comparative study of women's social roles around the world and through history. The sexual division of labor and evolution of humanity. Family forms and sex roles in hunting-gathering and horticultural society. The forms and origins of patriarchy. Women and family in Third World and industrial nations today. Prereq.: Anth10100, Women's Studies 10000, sophomore standing, or instructor's permission. 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

27200: Television & Film: Anthropological Perspectives on the Mass Media
How television and film reflect the sociocultural environment in which they are produced. The emphasis is on the analysis of signs (language, nonverbal communication, and symbolism) in order to understand the ideological context of these media. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

33000: Contemporary Culture Theory
The theories underlying the analysis of archaeological and cultural data and differing explanations for cultural regularities: evolutionary, ecological, symbolic, Marxist, structuralist, political, and ethical issues and anthropological theory. Prereq.: Anth. 20100 and two additional elective courses in Anthropology or instructor's permission. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

33100: History of Anthropological Theory
History of the field of Anthropology. Nineteenth century evolutionary theories, and early 20th century historical particularism and structural functionalism. The personality and culture school. Colonialism and politics of anthropological theory. Prereq.: 20100 and at least two electives in Anthropology, or instructor's permission. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

35000: Race and Racism
An examination of the idea of race from biological, sociocultural, and historical standpoints, particularly as it arose in support of the development of western European colonialism and imperialism. Also investigated will be the role of race/racism via-a-vis socioeconomic inequality, gender, class, ethnicity, and sexuality. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

ANTHROPOLOGICAL LINGUISTICS

26500: Language and Society
Various regional and social class dialects are considered along with bilingualism and contact languages such as Haitian French Creole. Focuses on how behavior is affected by value judgments about dialect differences and how language is used to operate in different social contexts, including the classroom, workplace, neighborhood, and in multicultural situations generally. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

27300: Black English: Structure and Use
The grammatical structure of Black American English and how it is used in Black culture and the educational system. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

27500: Creole Sociolinguistics
The origin, history, and grammar of Haitian (French Creole) and related languages such as St. Lucian, Jamaican (Patois), and Guyanese. Topics include the use of Creole in education, Creole orthography, and the relationship of Creole languages to their European language lexifiers. (W) 3 HR./WK., PLUS CONF.; 3 CR.

PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY

28500: Human Heredity, Race and Intelligence
Environmental, cultural, and genetic interaction in human diversity and evolution. Topics: detecting inherited traits by pedigree, twins, population, chromosome and genetic code methods. Race, intelligence, sex roles, retardation, schizophrenia. Importance of culture and genetics in inherited diseases (sickle-cell trait, lactase deficiency), aggression and war. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

29000: Dynamics of Human Ecology
Interactions of environmental, cultural, and biological factors in human adaptation. Topics: proxemics, privacy; personal space, territory, crowding, population problems; kinesics (gestures); pollution, food, energy crises, aggression and war causes. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

29500: Bio-Cultural Anthropology
Environmental, social, nutritional, and political factors in human biological and cultural diversity. Topic areas: nature vs. nurture in sociobiology controversy; deprivation and poverty; stress; sex roles, mental illness, victims and victimization. (W) 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

INDEPENDENT STUDY AND SELECTED TOPICS

13300-13600: Anthropological Research Laboratory
The Anthropological Research Laboratory offers students an opportunity to do independent research in any of the four fields of anthropology or in applied anthropology, and to have individual advisement in the collection, analysis, and summarizing of data. A project is chosen in cooperation with a faculty member with whom the student meets in one hour conferences each week. In addition the student is expected to devote three hours a week for each credit taken, to be spent in reading and/or data collection, analysis, and writing a report. One or 2 credits of ARL can be taken in conjunction with an Anthropology course in which a student is enrolled, enabling the student to do extra work on a project or term paper connected with that course. Coreq: any other Anthropology or related course. For detailed information contact the Department of Anthropology (NAC 7/108). 1-3 CR. WITH A MAXIMUM OF 6 CR. ALLOWED FOR THE SERIES.

Note: No more than six credits in any one department and no more than nine credits total will be permitted in the following courses: Anthropology 13300-13600, Asian Studies 20402, Black Studies 20000-20400, Psychology 23300-23600, Sociology 23300- 23600.

30100-30400: Honors I-IV
Approval of Dean and department Honors Supervisor required. Apply in NAC 4/144 no later than December 10 in the Fall term or May 1 in the Spring term. VARIABLE CR., USUALLY 3 CR./SEM.

31000: Independent Study
An opportunity for an individual or small group to develop a research project or explore some topic in depth through directed readings with a faculty member chosen by the student(s). Research project: a problem will be developed (over several semesters, if necessary) leading to the completion of a research paper based on either library or field data. Tutorial: content of readings will be determined by all the participants, and weekly sessions will provide tutorial style discussion. Students are required to make arrangements for each course well in advance of the registration period. Prereq.: junior or senior standing and permission of instructor. 2-3 CR. EACH COURSE WITH A MAXIMUM OF 6 CREDITS TO BE DETERMINED BEFORE REGISTRATION BY THE INSTRUCTOR WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE DEPARTMENT CHAIR.

31100-32000: Selected Topics
Departmental and interdepartmental cooperative courses of advanced study in selected subjects. Prereq.: junior or senior standing, and permission of the department. HRS. AND CR. FLEXIBLE BUT USUALLY 3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.