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Salzberg Chemistry Seminar: Judy Zhang, Temple University

  • Date
    Mon, Mar 04

    Time
    12:00 PM — 1:00 PM

    Website
    http://csauth.ccny.cuny.edu/prospective/science/chemistry/index.cfm

    Address
    Marshak
    160 Convent Avenue

    Location
    Marshak, 1027

    p: 212.650.8402

    Admission
    Free

  • Event Details

    “Emerging Contaminants: Oxidation in Binary Metal Oxide Mixtures and Removal by Polymeric Sorbents”

    ABSTRACT

    The issue that proliferation of antibiotic-resistant
    pathogens may be linked to antibacterial emerging contaminants (ECs) in the aquatic environment has necessitated a better understanding of the environmental fate of these ECs.  Metal oxide-facilitated transformation
    is likely an important degradation pathway of ECs at soil-water interfaces.  Results of our previous work showed that many ECs are susceptible to Mn and Fe oxide-facilitated oxidation.  Current research centers on
    the development of binary metal oxide mixtures containing Mn/Fe oxides and a second metal oxide (e.g., Al2O3, FeOOH, Fe2O3, SiO2 or TiO2).  The goal is to examine the potential interactions between the two oxides and
    understand how these interactions affect the redox activities of Mn/Fe oxides.  Our data suggest that the second metal oxides typically lowered the reactivity of MnO2 through heteroaggregation (FeOOH and Fe2O3), surface
    complexation/precipitation (Al2O3 and SiO2), or
    competitive adsorption (TiO2).
    To eliminate the accumulation of ECs in the environment, we examine the efficacy of polymeric resins in the removal of both neutral and ionic ECs.  Experimental results show
    that polymeric sorbents with variable pore structures and surface functional groups have significantly different removal efficiency towards the target contaminants.  In addition to hydrophobic interactions, hydrogen-bonding is
    predominantly responsible for the adsorption of neutral ECs by three non-ionic resins (XAD-4, XAD-7 and MN200). Poly-parameter linear free energy relationships are being developed to predict the removal of ECs based on the
    physic-chemical and structural properties of both the ECs and the sorbents.  Most of the exhausted sorbents can be readily regenerated by either weak acid/base solution or
    organic solvents.  Overall, this research will establish adsorption by polymeric sorbents as a potentially attractive drinking water and wastewater treatment technique.
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