Miguel Munoz-Laboy

Associate Medical Professor

Main Affiliation

CUNY School of Medicine

Building

Harris Hall

Office

H- 313E

Phone

212-650-5266

Miguel Munoz-Laboy

Profile

Dr. Miguel Muñoz-Laboy is an Associate Medical Professor at the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine at City University of New York’s School of Medicine.  I have published 73 articles in peer-reviewed journals, 13 chapters in edited books, co-edited “Love and globalization” (published by Vanderbilt Press, 2008) and “Religious responses to HIV/AIDS” (published by Routledge, 2014). Most of those publications have been in the area of bisexual health. In the early 1990s, bisexual groups were viewed as the “bridge” population in regard to HIV/AIDS transmission. HIV/AIDS prevention efforts considered bisexual young and adult men as part of the men who have sex with men (MSM) group without a clear understanding of their behavioral patterns and the determinants of HIV/AIDS risks among them. My first and longest area of research has been to examine the sexual, reproductive, and mental health of bisexual populations, which were and, to some extent, continue to be an overlooked population in social work and public health research globally. My first research project focused on bisexual youth in a peri-urban village in Sri Lanka. My findings were incorporated into the HIV/STI prevention programming of the Centre for Interdisciplinary Community Studies of the University of Peradeniya in Kandy, Sri Lanka. During my doctoral dissertation project, I conducted ethnographic fieldwork in New York City sexual spaces in order to understand the geographical-cultural factors associated with the sexual organization and risk calculations and vulnerabilities for bisexual Latino men and their partners. I repeated the above study with a small sample of young bisexual Latino men (n=30) four years later, and seven years later, and expanded my line of inquiry incorporating sexual cultures and sex market theory after obtaining my first R01 (grant #: 1R01HD056948-01A2; 2009-2014). This was the first large-scale study that focused exclusively on Latino bisexuality and HIV/AIDS risk. It consisted of life history interviews and a close-ended survey of 150 (HIV-seronegative) bisexually active Latino men in New York and New Jersey in combination with ethnographic observations of sexualized meeting places. In this study we not only identified high prevalence of untreated major anxiety and depressive disorders, but also that minority and acculturative stress factors were directly associated with the severity of these conditions. We also documented how depression and anxiety were core determinants of HIV risk behavior and substance abuse. Since 1997, I have maintained a dual research agenda in public health locally and internationally.  Recently, together with Dr. Laura Bamford, we completed an intervention study to increase HIV retention in care for HIV positive Puerto Ricans with severe opioids use and polysubstance disorders in Philadelphia (“Clinica Bienestar,” #H97HA26504; 2013-2018). Currently, I co-lead with Omar Martinez, the project Examining the impact of medical-legal partnerships in improving outcomes in the HIV continuum of care (grant #1R21MH115820-01, 2018-2020). 

Education

1996 - Bachelor of Science, B.S. (Animal Science, Agriculture), University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, PR

1998 - Masters of Public Health, M.P.H. (International health), University of Connecticut, Farmington, CT

2001 - Doctor of Public Health, Dr.P.H. (Sociomedical Sciences), Columbia University, New York, NY

2018 - National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Alcohol and Other Drugs Education Program (ADEP) for social work faculty, Graduate School of Social Work, University of Denver.

2003 - National Institute of Mental Health Postdoctoral Fellowship (T32 MH 19139) with the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University.

Research Interests

  • Social determinants of Latinx health
  • Acculturative stress, loneliness, and LGBTQ+ health
  • Globalization, structural violence, and migrant health
  • Masculinity, gender dynamics, substance misuse, and sexual health
  • Co-occurring opioid use and depressive disorders
  • Health services research on HIV continuity of care
  • Colocation and integrated care research on substance use continuity of care

Publication (2018 -2020)

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Martinez, O., Levine, E. C., Mattera, B. T., & Fernandez, M. I. (2018). Syndemic Conditions Reinforcing Disparities in HIV and Other STIs in an Urban Sample of Behaviorally Bisexual Latino Men. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 20(2):497-501.

Sommer, M., Muñoz-Laboy, M., Salamea, E., Arp, J., Falb, K., Rudahindwa, N., Stark, L. (2018) How narratives of fear shape girls’ participation in community life in two humanitarian contexts. Violence against Women, 24(5):565-585. 

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Severson, N. (2018) Exploring the roles of race and ethnicity in sexual partnering experiences of bisexual Latino men. Archives of Sexual Behavior. 47, 1231-1239.

Martinez O, Wu E, Levine EC, Muñoz-Laboy M, Fernandez MI, et al. (2017). Bridging Health Disparity Gaps through the Use of Medical Legal Partnerships: A Systematic Review. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 45 (2): 260-273.

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Martinez, O., Levine, E., Mattera, B. (2018). Long term health outcomes of childhood sexual abuse among an urban sample of behaviorally bisexual Latino men. Culture, Health and Sexuality, 20(6):607-624.

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Martinez, O., Draine, J., Levine, E., Benjamin, G. (2018) Social support networks’ assets and challenges for promoting healthy behaviors among formerly incarcerated Latino men. Journal of Urban Health, 95(4):534-546

Sommer, M., Muñoz-Laboy, M., Williams, A., Mayevskayac, Y., Falb, K., Abdellae, G., Stark, L. (2018). How gender norms are reinforced through violence against adolescent girls in two conflict-affected populations. Child Abuse & Neglect, 79, 154–163.

Muñoz-Laboy, M. (2019). Ethnic and racial specificity, or not, in bisexuality research: A practical commentary. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48(1), 317-325.

Bamford, L., Benitez, J., *Muñoz-Laboy, M. (2019). Providing HIV comprehensive care for Latino/a injecting drug users in Philadelphia, 2013-2018. American Journal of Public Health, 109(2), 273-275.

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Garcia, J. (2019). Bisexual Latino men’s motivations for sex and implications for HIV/STI risk. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 14 (4): 440-465. 

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Martinez, M., Davison, R., Fernández, M.I. (2019). Examining the Impact of Medical Legal Partnerships in Improving Outcomes on the HIV Care Continuum: Rationale, Design and Methods, BMC Health Services Research (19) 849 https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12913-019-… .

Muñoz-Laboy, M., Bamford, L., Zisman-Ilani, Y., Benitez, J., Ripkin, A., Camacho-Estevez, T. (2020). En la lucha against multiple stigmas: Improving HIV care continuum outcomes for Puerto Ricans with substance use disorders using a transnational multilevel approach. Journal of Migrant and Minority Health, in press.