North Academic Center
Identity Formation across Cultural Frontiers:
Enculturation, Immigration, Acculturation
Prevention Science of the Risk and Protective Factors of Mental Disorders
Culture and Health
Culture is developmentally biological. Each healthy human brain born today could be nurtured into any culture, learn any language, receive any religion. The language(s) we learn, and the culture(s) we integrate are mediated by our interpersonal relationships across the lifespan.
The foundation of Dr. Milstein’s work is the study of how beliefs are imbued in us through our cultural milieus. His bilingual (Spanish & English) research follows three paths:
Religion and Mental Health:
Implement prevention science models to facilitate the continuity of mental health care, through collaboration between clergy and clinicians.
Immigration & Psychological Resilience:
Identify variables that promote resiliency, in response to the developmental disruptions caused by migration.
Through interpersonal relationships the abstract ideas that are culture become material in the neurophysiology of the developing human brain.
Selected Recent Presentations:
To Chaplains from the Departments of Defense & Veterans Affairs
To Community Hospital Chaplains
Religion and Mental Health
Continuity of Mental Health Care through –
COPE: Clergy Outreach & Professional Engagement –
COPE Diagrams (Click for PDF)
Peer Reviewed Publications:
(Click Citation to Download PDF)
Milstein, G., Manierre, A., Susman, V., & Bruce, M. L. (2008). Implementation of a Program to Improve the Continuity of Mental Health Care through Clergy Outreach and Professional Engagement (C.O.P.E.). Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39(2), 218-228.
Milstein, G., Midlarsky, E., Link, B. G., Raue, P. J., & Bruce, M. L. (2000). Assessing problems with religious content: a comparison of rabbis and psychologists. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 188(9), 608-615.
> Gender Difference
Milstein, G., Bruce, M. L., Gargon, N., Brown, E., Raue, P. J., & McAvay, G. (2003). Religious practice and depression among geriatric homecare patients. The International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 33(1), 71-83.
> Ethnic Difference
Guarnaccia, P. J., Parra, P., Deschamps, A., Milstein, G., & Argiles, N. (1992). Si dios quiere: Hispanic families' experiences of caring for a seriously mentally ill family member. Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, 16(2), 187-215.
Milstein, G., Guarnaccia, P. J., & Midlarsky, E. (1995). Ethnic Differences in the Interpretation of Mental Illness: Perspectives of Caregivers. In J. R. Greenley (Ed.), Research in Community and Mental Health: the Family and Mental Illness(Vol. 8, pp. 155-178). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press, Inc.
Immigration & Psychological Resilience
Community Mental Health & Religion Manuals —
Milstein, G., Dugan, T., Siegel, C., & Haugland, G. (2011). A Pastoral Education Guide: Responding to the Mental Health Needs of Multicultural Faith Communities: Center of Excellence in Culturally Competent Mental Health, The Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, New York State Office of Mental Health, http://ssrdqst.rfmh.org/cecc/sites/ssrdqst.rfmh.org.cecc/UserFiles/mentalhealthclergyguide101711A.pdf .
Milstein, G., Dugan, T., Siegel, C., & Haugland, G. (2011). A Pastoral Education Workbook: Responding to the Mental Health Needs of Multicultural Faith Communities: Center of Excellence in Culturally Competent Mental Health, The Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, New York State Office of Mental Health, http://ssrdqst.rfmh.org/cecc/sites/ssrdqst.rfmh.org.cecc/UserFiles/mentalhealthworkbook101711A.pdf .