Victoria Frye

Medical Professor

Main Affiliation

CUNY School of Medicine


Harris Hall








Victoria Frye


Victoria Frye is a Medical Professor (with tenure) in the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine of the CUNY School of Medicine, where she heads the Laboratory of Urban Community Health. She received her BA (History), MPH (Epidemiology), and DrPH (Sociomedical Sciences) from Columbia University. Broadly, her research evaluates how social stratification produces health disparities, applying epidemiological and social science theories to identify multilevel determinants of both HIV and intimate partner and sexual violence using mixed methods. 
For over two decades, Dr. Frye has led the design and testing of HIV prevention interventions, among populations, made vulnerable to HIV by social systems of oppression, including women who use drugs, gay men of color, and low-income, heterosexual, African-American cisgender men and women. A hallmark of her research program is an intellectual process that applies critical social and psychological theory to empirical data to inform the design of social and behavioral prevention interventions. She develops complex, theory-based conceptual models, specifying interconnected macro-, meso- and micro-level pathways, which she tests using carefully collected observational data and multilevel statistical models. Results, and further formative research, inform the design and testing of multilevel prevention interventions, using quasi-experimental and experimental study designs. The ultimate goals of Dr. Frye’s scholarship are to 1) reduce social stratification by developing the research base on multilevel drivers of health inequities; 2) design and test multicomponent and multilevel prevention interventions to eliminate health disparities; and 3) partner in an authentic way with community organizations, members and representatives to ground my scholarship in equity.
Dr. Frye has been the Principal Investigator (PI) or Co-PI of over a dozen NIH/CDC-funded research grants, including a K01 (career development award), three R21s, three R34s, and two R01s, and has been a Co-I on numerous R01s, R56, and U01 grants. Dr. Frye recently completed TRUST (1R01 DA038108; Contact mPI: Frye), an HIV self-testing intervention and PEPTALK (1R21 AI122996; Contact mPI: Frye), a theory-based social and print media campaign to drive demand for PEP among MSM residing in upper Manhattan and the Bronx. With colleagues at Gay Men of African Descent, she tested, using quasi-experimental methods, CHHANGE (R21 MH102182-01; PI: Frye), a community-level, anti-HIV stigma and -homophobia intervention. She is currently funded to conduct CHHARGE (R34 MH121295-01; PI: Frye), which extends the CHHANGE model to include intersectional PrEP, PEP, and testing stigmas. These interventions build on results from NYCM2M (R01 HD059729-01: PI: Koblin), one of the first major, cross-sectional, social epidemiological studies of neighborhood and network effects on the health and well-being of gay men in an urban area; the study of 1500 MSM living in NYC was conducted between 2010-2012 and, in addition to producing a dozen peer-reviewed research reports, provided dissertation data for three doctoral candidates. Dr. Frye is currently co-leading similar research on neighborhood and network effects on HIV care-related outcomes using a longitudinal cohort study design (R01 MH110176-01A1; PI: Tieu; Co-I: Frye); finally, in this area, she is the mPI on ENVIO (R21 1MH2994614; Contact mPI: Tieu; mPI: Frye), an ecological momentary assessment-based study to evaluate the impact of environmental violence, including racism, homophobia and police brutality, on HIV care engagement among MSM of color.
Dr. Frye also studies intimate partner and sexual violence, using mixed methods to characterize informal social control of violence. Like her work in HIV prevention, this observational research informs the design and testing of interventions. Most recently, she has focused on prevention among urban commuter campus college students with Department of Justice funding via the Office of Victims of Crime. In the 1990s, she and her health department colleagues mapped the epidemiology of intimate partner femicide in New York City. She is currently developing a program of research focused on partner and sexual violence prevention among urban commuter campuses students.Dr. Frye has authored over 85 publications, in journals such as JAMA, American Journal of Public Health, Social Science and Medicine, JAIDS, Lancet HIV, AIDS & Behavior, Violence against Women, Journal of Interpersonal Violence, PLOS ONE, Health & Place and the Journal of Urban Health, where she served as Associate Editor from 2008 to 2019. She is a Scitnetific Advisory Board member of the HIV Intervention Science Training Program for Unrepresented Investigators (NIMH R25 MH080665-07; PIs: El-Bassel, Wu) and a member of the Evaluation Core of the New York and the City University of New York School of Public Health Prevention Research Center (U48 DP 005008; PIs: Trinh-Shevrin, Thorpe, Huang). She was until February 2021 the Co-chair of the Board of Scientific Counselors for the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), to which she was appointed in 2016 by the Secretary of Health and Human Services under President Obama. She has lived in NYC since 1987 and in Washington Heights since 1999 with her family; she and is an elected parent member of the District Six Community Education Council, serving Washington Heights and Inwood, where her children attend public school. 



Dr.P.H., 2004, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

M.P.H., 1998, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

B.A., 1991, Columbia College, Columbia University


Intimate partner and sexual violence against women

HIV prevention

Neighborhood effects on health


Zito‡, P., Matthews‡, D., Sabounchi, N., Paige, M.Q., Lounsbury, D.W., Rodriguez, R., Echevarria, N.,  Usher, D., Walker, J.J, Dickerson, A.G., Hillesheim, J., and Frye, V. (in press). Intersectional Stigma and Prevention among Gay, Bisexual and Same Gender-loving Men in New York City, 2020: System Dynamics Models American Journal of Public Health.

Chilakala, A., Camacho-Rivera, M., & Frye, V. (2022) Experiences of race-and gender-based discrimination among Black female physicians. Journal of the National Medical Association.

Banyard V, Jefferson GC, Segura A, Forman SG, Haviland M, McMahon S, DeSilva AR, Frye V, Sarkar S. (2021) Feasibility and acceptability of engaging significant adults in youth sexual and relationship violence prevention work. Violence against women. 10778012211034201.

France, C.R., France, J.L., Himawan, L.K., Duffy, L., Kessler, D.A., Rebosa, M., Rehmani, S., Frye, V. & Shaz, B.H. (2021) Fear is associated with attrition of first‐time whole blood donors: A longitudinal examination of donor confidence and attitude as potential mediators. Transfusion. 61 (12), 3372-3380

M Mosley, L Wilton, E Greene, H Tieu, M Paige, V Nandi, & V Frye. (2021) Do childhood and adolescence sexual violence experiences relate to HIV testing and PrEP uptake in young adulthood among MSM of colour living in an urban area of the United States?  AIDS 2021. Journal of the International AIDS Society 24 (S4), 54-56.

Albritton, T., Coulibaly, K.B., Zoumenou, I., Paige, M., Davis, C., Carillon, S., Matthews, D., Austin, P.S., Miles, L., Gosselin, A. and Frye, V.  (2021). Examining systemic racism in" empowerment-based" HIV prevention research: reflections of a US-France research partnership. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 24(S1), 42-44.

France, C. R., France, J. L., Himawan, L. K., Fox, K. R., Livitz, I. E., Ankawi, B., Frye, V. & Shaz, B. H. (2021). Results from the blood donor competence, autonomy, and relatedness enhancement (blood donor CARE) randomized trial. Transfusion.  61 (9), 2637-2649

Rael, C. T., Pierre, D., Frye, V., Kessler, D., Duffy, L., Malos, N., & Van Tieu, H. (2021). Evaluating blood donor experiences and barriers/facilitators to blood donation in the United States using YouTube video content. Transfusion. 61 (9), 2650-2657

Jackson, G. Y., Darlington, C. K., Van Tieu, H., Brawner, B. M., Flores, D. D., Bannon, J. A., Frye, V. & Teitelman, A. M. (2021). Women’s views on communication with health care providers about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 1-16.

Frye, V., Nandi, V., Paige, M. Q., McCrossin, J., Lucy, D., Gwadz, M., ... & Wilton, L. (2020). TRUST: Assessing the Efficacy of an Intervention to Increase HIV Self-Testing Among Young Black Men Who have Sex with Men (MSM) and Transwomen. AIDS and Behavior, 1-17

Mosley, M. P., Tasfia, N., Serna, K., Camacho‐Rivera, M., & Frye, V. (2020). Thinking with two brains: Student perspectives on the presentation of race in preclinical medical education. Medical education.

Fagan, J., Frye, V., Lawal, A., Mayer, K., Jain, S. and Zingman, B. (2020) “It’s Like Plan B for HIV!” Design and evaluation of a media campaign to drive demand for PEP among gay, bisexual and other MSM and transgender women. ‡* AIDS & Behavior

Naeem, S., Frye, V., Paige, M.Q., Lucy, D., Ortiz, G., Nandi, V., Koblin, B. and Wilton, L., (2020) Who Is HIV Self-testing? Baseline results from Project TRUST. Journal of the National Medical Association.

Frye, V., Nandi, V., Hirshfield, S. Chiasson, MA, Wilton, L., Usher, D, Hoover, DR, Koblin, BA. (2020) Randomized controlled trial of an intervention to match young Black men and transwomen who have sex with men or transwomen to HIV testing options (All About Me). JAIDS.

Frye, V., Camacho-Rivera, M., Salas-Ramirez, K., Albritton, T., Barrick, S., Sohler, N., Deen, D. and Nunez, J. (2020) Professionalism: The wrong tool for the right problem. Academic Medicine.

Lelutiu-Weinberger C., Wilton, L., Koblin, B., Chiasson, M.A., Nandi, V., Hirshfield, S., Hoover, D.R., Usher, D., & Frye, V. (2020) The role of social support in HIV testing and PrEP awareness among young black men and transgender women who have sex with men or transgender women. Journal of Urban Health.

Diaz, J.E., Schrimshaw, E.W., Nandi, V., Koblin, B. and Frye, V. (in press) Acculturation as a moderator of HIV risk behavior correlates among Latino gay/bisexual men. Archives of Sexual Behavior.

Delle Donne, M., DeLaCruz, K., Khan, K., Diaz, W., Salcedo, J., English, S., Banyard, V., Stephenson, R. Haviland, M. and Frye, V., (in press) Urban commuter campus students’ perspectives on sexual violence: Implications for response and prevention. Journal of Urban Health.

Frye, V. Paige, M., Gordon, S., Matthews, D., Musgrave, G., Greene, E., Kornegay, M., Farhat, D., Smith, P., Usher, D., Phelan, J., Koblin, B. and Taylor-Akutagawa, V. (2019) Impact of a Community-level Intervention on HIV Stigma, Homophobia and HIV Testing in New York City: Results from Project CHHANGE. Stigma & Health.

Bond, K., Frye, V., Cupid, M., Lucy, D., Koblin, B. (2018) HIV-Related Communication and Safe Sex Practices among Heterosexual Black Men: A Qualitative Report. Journal of Black Sexuality and Relationships. Vol. 4. No. 3 pp 1-23*

Tieu,H-V., Laeyendecker, O., Nandi, V., Rose, R., Fernandez, R., Lynch, B., Hoover, D.R., Frye, V., Koblin, B.A. and the NYC M2M Study Team. (2018) Prevalence and Mapping of Hepatitis C Infections among Men Who Have Sex with Men in New York City​. Plos ONE

Koblin, B., Usher, D., Nandi, V., Bravo, E., London, M., Lucy, D., Tieu, H-V., Frye, V. (2018) PEP awareness, knowledge, access and use among three populations in New York City, 2016-2017. AIDS and Behavior

Tieu, H.V., Koblin, B.A., Latkin, C., Greene, E., Rundle, A., Currio, F.  Frye, V., (2018) Neighborhood and network characteristics and the HIV care continuum: A conceptual model. Journal of Urban Health.*

Wilton, L., Chiasson, M. A., Nandi, N., Lelutiu-Weinberger, C., Frye, V., Hirshfield, S., Hoover, D. R., Downing, Jr., M.  J., Lucy, D., Usher, D., & Koblin, B. (2018). Characteristics and correlates of lifetime suicidal thoughts and attempts among young Black men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. Journal of Black Psychology.

Frye, V., Duffy, L., France, J., Kessler, D., Rebosa, M., Shaz, B., Carlson, B.and France, C. (2018) Developing a Facebook-based relatedness intervention to increase repeat donation among young, first-time blood donors. Journal of Medical Internet Research: Public Health and Surveillance.

Frye, V., Wilton, L., Hirshfield, S., Chiasson, M.A., Usher, D., Lucy, D., McCrossin, J., Greene, E., and Koblin, B. for the All About Me Study Team. (2018) Preferences for HIV test characteristics among young, Black MSM and transgender women in an era of new test options. Plos ONE.*

Koblin, B., Nandi, V., Hirshfield, S., Chiasson, MA., Hoover, DR., Wilton, L., Usher, D., Frye, V. (2018) Intervention to match young Black Men and transwomen who have sex with men or transwomen to HIV testing options (All About Me): Protocol for Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research: Clinical Trials protocols.

Glenn, L., Fidler, L., O’Connor, M., Fry, D., Paz, M., Pollack, T., St. John, C. Haviland, M. and Frye, V. (2017) Project Envision: A retrospective qualitative evaluation of a community mobilization project to engage in primary prevention of sexual violence in New York City. Evaluation and Program Planning.*

Delle Donna, M., DeLuca, J., Pleskach, P., Bromson, C., Mosely, M. Perez, E., Matthews, S., Stephenson, R. and Frye, V. (2017) Barriers to and facilitators of help seeking behavior among men who experience sexual violence.  American Journal of Men’s Health.*

Koblin, B., Nandi, V., Hirshfield, S., Chiasson, MA., Hoover, DR., Wilton, L., Usher, D., Frye, V. (2017) Informing the Development of a Mobile Phone HIV Testing Intervention: Intentions to Use Specific HIV Testing Approaches among Young Black Men who have sex with Men and Transgender Women. Journal of Medical Internet Research Public Health and Surveillance.

Frye, V. Paige, M., Gordon, S., Matthews, D., Musgrave, G., Kornegay, M., Greene, E., Phelan, J., Koblin, B. and Taylor-Akutagawa, V., (2017) Project CHHANGE: Formative research and program design of a community-level HIV stigma and homophobia prevention program.  Evaluation and Program Planning.* Vol. 63. 45-63.

Cerdá, M., Frye, V., Nandi, V., Rundle A., Quinn J.W., Sheehan D., Hoover D.R., Ompad D.C., Van Tieu H., Greene E., Koblin B. (epub April 2017) Neighborhood determinants of mood and anxiety disorders among men who have sex with men in New York City. Social Psychiatry and Social Epidemiology.*

France, C.R., France, J.L., Carlson, B.W., Frye,V., Duffy, L., Kessler, D.A., Rebosa, M., and Shaz, B.H. (epub 12/20/16; 2017) Applying self-determination theory to the blood donation context: Blood donor competence, autonomy, and relatedness enhancement (Blood Donor CARE). Contemporary Clinical Trials. Vol. 53; 44-51

Frye, V. Nandi, V., Egan, J.E., Cerdá, M., Rundle, A., Quinn, J., Sheehan, D., Ompad, D., Tieu, H-V., Greene, E., and Koblin, B. (epub 11/08/16; 2017) Associations among neighborhood characteristics and sexual risk behavior among Black and White MSM living in a major urban area. AIDS and Behavior.* Volume 21; 3: 870–890

Koblin, B., Egan, J.E., Nandi, V., Sang, J.M., Cerdá, M., Tieu, H-V., Ompad, D.C., Hoover, D.R., Frye, V. (epub

09/19/16; 2017) Congruence of home, social and sex neighborhoods among men who have sex with men, NYCM2M Study. Journal of Urban Health.

Farhat, D., Paige, M., Greene, E., Koblin, B., and Frye, V. (epub 2016; 2017) Knowledge, Stereotyped Beliefs and Attitudes around HIV Chemoprophylaxis in Two High HIV Prevalence Neighborhoods in New York City. AIDS and Behavior.* Vol 21; 5: 1247-1255.

Wee, S., Todd, M., Oshiro, M., Greene, E., and Frye, V. (2016) Modifiers of Neighbors' Bystander Intervention in Intimate Partner Violence: A Concept Mapping Study.  Violence and Gender.* Vol. 3; No. 1: 55-63

Tieu, H.V., Nandi, V., Hoover, D., Lucy, D., Stewart, K., Frye, V., Cerdá, M., Ompad, D., Latkin, C., Koblin, B.A. (2016) Do sexual networks of men who have sex with men in New York City differ by race/ethnicity? AIDS Patient Care and STDs. Vol. 30. No. 1 39-47

Further research may be found here:



Victoria Frye CV