David J. Lohman

Associate Professor

Main Affiliation


Areas of Expertise/Research

  • Biodiversity
  • Biogeography
  • Ecology
  • Entomology
  • Evolutionary Biology


Marshak Science Building




+1 (212) 650-8456 (Office)

David Lohman

David J. Lohman

Research Interests

Dr. Lohman studies the ecology, evolution, and biogeography of insects in the Old World tropics.  He uses a combination of field ecology and molecular phylogenetic methods to investigate how interactions between insects and other organisms affect evolution and community structure.


Postdoctoral Fellow, National University of Singapore, 2006-2009
Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard University, 2004-2005
Ph.D. in Biology, Harvard University, 2004
M.A. in Biology, Harvard University, 2000
B.S. in Biology, Bradley University, 1995

Courses Taught

Biology 22800 - Ecology and Evolution
Biology 46000/A6000 - Animal Behavior
Biology 48800/A48800 - Tropical Ecology and Conservation
Biology 76001/V9006 - Graduate Seminar in Ecology
Biology 41250/A1250/79303: Molecular Systematics


62. Tea, Y.-K., J.S. Wei, E.P. Beaver, & D.J. Lohman. In press. Kleptopharmacophagy? Milkweed butterflies scratch and imbibe from Apocynaceae-feeding caterpillars. Ecology. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.3532. Coverage by The New York Times.

61. Pham, N.T., V.Q. To, D.J. Lohman, A. L. Monastyrskii. In press. High species richness and endemism characterize the butterfly fauna of Vietnam’s Central Highlands (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society.

60. Aduse-Poku, K., E. van Bergen, S. Sáfián, S. C. Collins, L. Herren-Alsina, P.M. Brakefield*, O. Brattström*, D.J. Lohman*, & N. Wahlberg*. In press. Miocene climate and habitat change drove diversification in Bicyclus, Africa’s largest radiation of satyrine butterflies. Systematic Biology. DOI: 10.1093/sysbio/syab066 *Equal contributions

59. Wilson, P.R., I.R. Johnson & D.J. Lohman. 2021. Jamides wananga, a new species from Papua New Guinea and Australia (Lepdioptera: Lycaenidae). Zootaxa, 4981: 107-122.

58. Wang, Z., J. Zeng, W. Meng, D.J. Lohman, & N.E. Pierce. 2021. Public and research interest in insects is negatively correlated with their conservation status and evolutionary distinctiveness. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 14: 700-708. (cover article)

Kaiser I-hind butterflies in copula

57. Valencia-Montoya, W.A., T.B. Quental, J.F.R. Tonini, G. Lamas, G. Talavera, J.D. Crall, M.A. Liénard, S. Salzman, M.R.L. Whitaker, R.C. Busby, A.Y. Kawahara, D.J. Lohman, R.K. Robbins, & N.E. Pierce. 2021. Evolutionary tradeoffs of the hyperdiverse tribe Eumaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288: 20202512.

56. Tsang, S. M., D. H. W. Low, S. Wiantoro, I. Smith, J. Jayakumar, N. B. Simmons, D. Vijaykrishna, D. J. Lohman, & I. H. Mendenhall. 2021. Detection of Tioman virus in Pteropus vampyrus near Flores, Indonesia. Viruses, 13: 563.

55. Ruttenberg, D.M., N.W. VanKuren, S. Nallu, S.-H. Yen, D. Peggie, D.J. Lohman*, & M.R. Kronforst*. 2021. The evolution and genetics of sexually dimorphic ‘dual’ mimicry in the butterfly Elymnias hypermnestra. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 288: 20202192. *co-corresponding authors

54. Toussaint, E.F.A., E.A. Ellis, R.J. Gott, A.D. Warren, K.M. Dexter, C. Storer, D.J. Lohman, & A.Y. Kawahara. 2021. Historical biogeography of Heteropterinae skippers via Beringian and post-Tethyan corridors. Zoologica Scripta, 50: 100-111.

53. Toussaint, E.F.A., A.D. Chiba, M. Yago, K.M. Dexter, A.D. Warren, C. Storer, D.J. Lohman, & A.Y. Kawahara. 2021. Afrotropics on the wing: Phylogenomics and historical biogeography of awl and policeman skippers. Systematic Entomology, 46: 172-185.

52. Chazot, N., F. Condamine, G. Dudas, C. Pena, P. Matos-Maravi, A.V.L. Freitas, K.R. Willmott, M. Elias, A. Warren, K. Aduse-Poku, D.J. Lohman, C.M. Penz, P. DeVries, U. Kodandaramaiah, Z.F. Fric, S. Nylin, C. Muller, C. Wheat, A. Y. Kawahara, K.L. Silva-Brandao, G. Lamas, A. Zubek, E. Ortiz-Acevedo, R. Vila, R.I. Vane-Wright, S.P. Mullen, C.D. Jiggins, I. Slamova, & N. Wahlberg. In press. The latitudinal diversity gradient in brush-footed butterflies (Nymphalidae): Conserved ancestral tropical niche but different continental histories. Nature Communications. First published online: bioRxiv:2020.2004.2016.045575.

51. Badon, Jade A.T. & D.J. Lohman. 2020. Butterfly range extensions in the Philippines and Indonesia. Philippine Journal of Systematic Biology, 14: 1-3.

50. Ma, L., Y. Zhang, D.J. Lohman, N. Wahlberg, F. Ma, S. Nylin, N. Janz, M. Yago, K. Aduse-Poku, D. Peggie, M. Wang, P. Zhang, & H. Wang. 2020. A phylogenomic tree inferred with an inexpensive PCR ‐generated probe kit resolves higher‐level relationships among Neptis butterflies (Nymphalidae: Limenitidinae). Systematic Entomology, 45: 924-934.

49. Tea, Y.-K., J.S. Wei, C.W. Gan & D.J. Lohman. 2020. Seafaring butterflies: Marine puddling on black sand beaches of Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 74: 127–131.

48. Lohman, D.J., Sarino, & D. Peggie. 2020. Syntopic Elymnias agondas aruana female forms mimic different Taenaris model species on Aru (Papilionoidea: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Treubia, 47: 1-12.

47. Braby, M.F. C. Müller, R. Eastwood, D.J. Lohman, A.Y. Kawahara, S. Maunsell, N.E. Pierce, & M. Espeland. 2020. Phylogeny of the tribe Candalidini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) based on molecular data: Systematics, diversification and evolutionary history. Systematic Entomology, 45: 703-722.

46. Gilbert, K.J., L.S. Bittleston, M.A.K. Naive, C.S. Moreau, A. Kiszewski, P. Buenavente, D.J. Lohman & N.E. Pierce. 2020. Investigation of an elevational gradient reveals strong differences between bacterial and eukaryotic communities coinhabiting Nepenthes phytotelmata. Microbial Ecology, 80: 334–349.

45. Tsang, S.M., S. Wiantoro, M.J. Veluz, N. Sugita, N.B. Simmons & D.J. Lohman. 2020.Dispersal across the Indo-Australian Archipelago spurs diversification of Pteropus flying foxes, the world’s largest bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera). Journal of Biogeography, 47: 527–537. (cover article)

Flying fox journal cover

44. Toussaint, E.F.A., R. Vila, M. Yago, H. Chiba, A.D. Warren, K. Maruyama, D.J. Lohman & A.Y. Kawahara. 2019. Out-of-Orient: Post-Tethyan transoceanic and trans-Arabian routes fostered the spread of Baorini skippers in the Afrotropics. Systematic Entomology, 44926-938.

43. Rawlins, A., A. Cassidy, S. Schröder, Y.-L. Nguyen & D.J. Lohman. 2019. An illustrated and annotated checklist of Arhopala Boisduval, 1832, taxa occurring in the Indonesian provinces of North Maluku and Maluku (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) – Part 5 – The hercules species-group. Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, 40: 1-26.

42. Panettieri, S., E. Gjinaj, G. John & D.J. Lohman. 2018. Different ommochrome pigment mixtures enable sexually dimorphic Batesian mimicry in allopatric populations of the common palmfly butterfly, Elymnias hypermnestra. PLoS ONE, 13: e0202465.

41. Toussaint, E.F.A., J.W. Breinholt, C.E. Cason, A.D. Warren, M. Yago, M. Espeland, N.E. Pierce, D.J. Lohman & A.Y. Kawahara. 2018. Anchored phylogenomics illuminates the skipper butterfly tree of life (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea: Hesperiidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18:101.

40. Kawahara, A.Y., J.W. Breinholt, M. Espeland, C. Storer, D. Plotkin, K. Dexter, E. Toussaint, R. St. Laurent, G. Brehm, S. Vargas, D. Forero, N.E. Pierce, & D.J. Lohman. 2018. Phylogenetics of moth-like butterflies (Hedylidae) based on a new 13-locus target capture probe set. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 127:600-605

39. Tennent, W.J., R.I. Vane-Wright, D.K. Mitchell & D.J. Lohman. 2018. The oldest known Tiradelphe schneideri specimen discovered in a museum drawer in the Bernice P. Bishop Museum (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society, 72:327-329.

38. Tsang, S.M., S. Wiantoro, M.J. Veluz, N.B. Simmons & D.J. Lohman. 2018. Low levels of population structure among geographically distant populations of Pteropus vampyrus (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae). Acta Chiropterologica, 20: 59-71.

37. Sahoo, R.K., D.J. Lohman, N. Wahlberg, C.J. Müller, O. Brattström, S.C. Collins, K. Aduse-Poku, D. Peggie & U. Kodandaramaiah. 2018. The evolution of Hypolimnas butterflies (Nymphalidae): Out-of-Africa origin and Wolbachia-mediated introgression. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 123: 50-58.

36. Espeland, M., J. Breinholt, K.R. Willmott, A. Warren, R. Vila, E. Toussaint, S. Maunsell, K. Aduse-Poku, G. Talavera, R. Eastwood, R. Guralnick, D.J. Lohman, N.E. Pierce & A.Y. Kawahara. 2018. Comprehensive phylogeny of butterflies using hybrid enrichment data. Current Biology 28: 770-778.e5.

35. Aduse-Poku, K., F. Molleman, W. Oduro, S. Kwabena Oppong, D.J. Lohman & R.S. Etienne. 2018. Relative contribution of neutral and deterministic processes in shaping fruit-feeding butterfly assemblages in Afrotropical forests. Ecology and Evolution 8: 296–308.

34. Cumming, R.T., J. Leong & D.J. Lohman. 2017. Leaf insects from Luzon, Philippines, with descriptions of three new species and a new genus Pseudomicrophyllium (Phasmida: Phylliidae). Zootaxa, 4365: 101-131.

33. Bhattacharjee, A., J.D. Anadón, D.J. Lohman, T. Doleck, T. Lakhankar , B.B. Shrestha, P. Thapa, D. Devkota, S. Tiwari, A. Jha, M. Siwakoti, N.R. Devkota, P.K. Jha & N.Y. Krakauer. 2017. The impact of climate change on biodiversity in Nepal: current knowledge, gaps and opportunities. Climate, 5(80): 1-16.

32. Wei, C.-H., D.J. Lohman, D. Peggie & S.-H. Yen. 2017. An illustrated checklist of the genus Elymnias Hübner, 1818 (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). ZooKeys, 676: 47-152.

31. Dupont, S.T., D.S. Zemeitat, D.J. Lohman & N.E. Pierce. 2016. The setae of parasitic Liphyra brassolis butterfly larvae form a flexible armour for resisting attack by their ant hosts (Lycaenidae: Lepidoptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 117: 607-619.

30. Espeland, M., M. Cornwall, J.P. W. Hall, P.J. DeVries, D. Campbell, G. Talavera, R. Vila, A. Axen, S. Salzman, S. Ruehr, D.J. Lohman & N.E. Pierce. 2015. Phylogeny and biogeography of the Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 93: 296-306.

29. Kaliszewska, Z.A.#, D.J. Lohman#, G. Adelson, K. Sommer, D.B. Rand, J. Mathew & N.E. Pierce. 2015. When caterpillars attack: biogeography and life history evolution of the Miletinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Evolution, 69: 571-588. #joint first authors

28. Braby, M.F., G.E. Farias Quipildor, R.I. Vane-Wright & D.J. Lohman. 2015. Morphological and molecular evidence supports recognition of Danaus petilia (Stoll, 1790) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as a species distinct from D. chrysippus (Linnaeus, 1758). Systematics and Biodiversity, 13: 386-402.

27. Lohman, D.J. & S.M. Tsang. 2014. Book Review: A manifesto of panbiogeography, Australiasian edition. Frontiers of Biogeography, 6: 191-193.

26. Burg, N.A., A. Pradhan, R.M. Gonzalez, E.Z. Morban, E.W. Zhen & D.J. Lohman. 2014. Inferring the provenance of an alien species with DNA barcodes: the Neotropical butterfly Dryas iulia in Thailand. PLoS ONE, 9: e10407.

25. de Bruyn, M., B. Stelbrink, T.J. Page, M.J. Phillips, D.J. Lohman, C. Albrecht, R. Hall, K. von Rintelen, P.K.L. Ng, H.-T. Shih, G.R. Carvalho & T. von Rintelen. 2013. Time and space in biogeography: response to Parenti & Ebach. Journal of Biogeography, 40: 2204-2206.

24. Basset, Y., R. Eastwood, L. Sam, D.J. Lohman, V. Novotny, T. Treuer, V. Novotny, S.E. Miller, G.D. Weiblen, N.E. Pierce, S. Bunyavejchewin, W. Sakchoowong, P. Kongnoo & M.A. Osorio-Arenas.  2013. Cross-continental comparisons of butterfly assemblages in rainforests: implications for biological monitoring. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 6: 223-233.

23. Yong, D.L., C.W. Gan, D.J. Lohman, L. Qie & S. L.-H. Lim. 2012. Tropical butterfly communities on land-bridge islands in peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, S25: 161-172.

22. Lohman, D. J.#, M. de Bruyn#, T. Page, K. von Rintelen, R. Hall, P. K. L. Ng, H.-T. Shih, G. C. Carvalho & T. von Rintelen. 2011. Biogeography of the Indo-Australian archipelago. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, 42: 205-226. # joint first authors

21. Basset, Y., R. Eastwood, L. Sam, D.J. Lohman, V. Novotny, T. Treuer, S.E. Miller, G.D. Weiblen, N.E. Pierce, S. Bunyavejchewin, W. Sakchoowong, P. Kongnoo & M.A. Osorio-Arenas. 2011. Comparison of rainforest butterfly assemblages across three biogeographical regions using standardized protocols. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, 44:17-28.

20. Vaidya, G., D.J. Lohman & R. Meier. 2011. SequenceMatrix: concatenation software for the fast assembly of multigene datasets with character set and codon information. Cladistics, 27: 171-180.

19. Sodhi, N.S., T.M. Lee, C.H. Sekercioglu, E.L. Webb, D.M. Prawiradilaga, D.J. Lohman, N.E. Pierce, A.C. Diesmos, M. Rao & P.R. Ehrlich. 2010. Local people value environmental services provided by forested parks. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19: 1175-1188.

18. Lohman, D.J., K.K. Ingram, D.M. Prawiradilaga, K. Winker, F.H. Sheldon, R.G. Moyle, P.K.L. Ng, P.S. Ong, L.K. Wang, T.M. Braile, D. Astuti & R. Meier. 2010. Cryptic genetic diversity in “widespread” Southeast Asian bird species suggests that Philippine avian endemism is gravely underestimated. Biological Conservation 143: 1885-1890.

17. Rizali, A., D.J. Lohman, D. Buchori, L.B. Prasetyo, H. Triwidodo, M.M. Bos, S. Yamane & C.H. Schulze. 2010. Ant communities on small, disturbed tropical islands: effects of island size and isolation are obscured by “tramp” species. Journal of Biogeography, 37:229-236.

16. Russell, J.A., C.S. Moreau, B. Godman-Huertas, M. Fujiwara, D.J. Lohman & N.E. Pierce. 2009. Bacterial gut symbionts are tightly linked with the evolution of herbivory in ants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 106: 21236-21241.

15. Gomez, J.P., R. Sison & D.J. Lohman. 2009. New and notable birds from Alabat Island, Quezon, Philippines. Forktail, 25:148-151.

14. Sheldon, F.H., D.J. Lohman, H.C. Lim, F. Zou, S.M. Goodman, D.M. Prawiradilaga, K. Winker, T.M. Braile & R.G. Moyle. 2009. Phylogeography of the magpie-robin species complex (Aves: Turdidae: Copsychus) reveals a Philippine species and novel dispersal patterns in the Indian Ocean and S.E. Asia. Journal of Biogeography, 36:1070-1083.

13. Lohman, D.J. & V.U. Samarita. 2009. The biology of carnivorous butterfly larvae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Miletinae: Miletini) and their ant-tended hemipteran prey in Thailand and the Philippines. Journal of Natural History, 43: 569-581.

12. Lohman, D.J., D. M. Prawiradilaga & R. Meier. 2009. Improved COI barcoding primers for South East Asian perching birds (Aves: Passeriformes). Molecular Ecology Resources, 9: 37-40.

11. Lohman, D.J., D. Peggie, N.E. Pierce & R. Meier. 2008. Phylogeography and genetic diversity of a widespread Old World butterfly, Lampides boeticus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 8: 301.

10. Eastwood, R.E., D.J. Lohman & A. King. 2008. New ant associations and biological data for Australian lycaenid butterfliesAustralian Entomologist, 35: 47-56.

9. Sodhi N.S., D. Astuti, A.C. Diesmos, P.G.P. Ericson, N. Fernandopulle, S. Kotagama, E. Kudavidanege, H.C. Lim, B. Lee, S.L.H. Lim, Y. Lin, D.J. Lohman, W. Meckvichai, H. Miranda, R.G. Moyle, P. Ong, K.A. Pan, D. M. Prawiradilaga, M.A. Rahman, A. Rahmani, F.H. Sheldon, M.Y. Stoeckle, S. Sulandari, L.K. Wang & K. Winker. 2007. Barcoding Indo-Malayan birds. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 55: 397-398

8. Clements, R., D. Bickford & D.J. Lohman. 2007. Can YouTube save the planet? The Scientist, 21: 26.

7. Clements, R., N.S. Sodhi, D. Bickford, D.J. Lohman & M. Posa. 2007. Science outreach by online video sharing. Nautilus: http://blogs.nature.com/nautilus/2007/04/science_outreach_ by_online_vid.html [12 March 2015]

6. Lohman, D.J., D. Bickford & N.S. Sodhi. 2007. The Burning Issue. Science, 316: 376.

5. Bickford, D., D.J. Lohman, N.S. Sodhi, P.K.L. Ng, R. Meier, K. Winker, K. Ingram & I. Das. 2007. Cryptic species: a new window on diversity and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 22: 148-155.

4. Lohman, D.J., Q. Liao & N.E. Pierce. 2006. Convergence of chemical mimicry in a guild of aphid predators. Ecological Entomology, 31:41-51.

3. Pierce, N.E., M.R. Braby, A. Heath, D. J. Lohman, J. Mathew, D.B. Rand & M.A. Travassos.  2002.  The ecology and evolution of interactions between lycaenid butterflies and ants.  Annual Review of Entomology, 47: 733-771.

2. Lohman D.J. & K.D. McConnaughay. 1998. Patterns of defensive chemical production in wild parsnip seedlings (Apiaceae: Pastinaca sativa L.). Chemoecology, 8: 195-200.

1. Lohman D.J., A.R. Zangerl & M.R. Berenbaum. 1996. Impact of floral herbivory by parsnip webworm (Oecophoridae: Depressaria pastinacella Duponchel) on pollination and fitness of wild parsnip (Apiaceae: Pastinaca sativa L.). American Midland Naturalist, 136: 407-412.

Selected Fellowships and Awards

Fulbright ASEAN Research Scholar to Vietnam and the Philippines, 2018-2019
Visiting Professor Fellowship at the University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka, 2018
Harvard University Bowdoin Prize for Graduate Essay in the Natural Sciences, 2003 & 2004
US EPA STAR Graduate Fellowship, 2000
US Department of Defense NDSEG Fellowship, 1997
Fulbright Post-Graduate Research Scholar to Australia, 1995


Themira lohmanus Ang
Ang, Y., R. Meier, K.F.-Y. Su, & G. Rajaratnam. 2017. Hidden in the urban parks of New York City: Themira lohmanus, a new species of Sepsidae described based on morphology, DNA sequences, mating behavior, and reproductive isolation (Sepsidae, Diptera). ZooKeys 698:95-111.

Chimaeragathis lohmani Sharkey
Sharkey, M.J. & E. Chapman. 2017. Ten new genera of Agathidini (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Agathidinae) from Southeast Asia. ZooKeys 660:107-150.

Stichorkis davidlohmanii Naive
Naive, M.A.K., J. Cootes & P. Ormerod. 2019. Stichorkis davidlohmanii (Orchidaceae: Malaxideae), a new species from the southern Philippines. Taiwania 64:65-68.