Xi Chen

Assistant Professor

Main Affiliation

Chemical Engineering


CUNY Advanced Research Science Center (ASRC)


ASRC G.332



Xi Chen


Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, NJ, USA
Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering, 2012

Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
M.S., Precision Instrumentes in Mechanical Engineering, 2007
B.S., Mechanical Engineering, 2005

Postdoctoral Research
Columbia University, Biological Sciences and Physics, NY, USA
Postdoctoral Fellow, 2012-2016

Research Interests

Professor Chen develops the next generation of sensors, actuators, energy conversion and storage devices by using novel nanostructured and bio-inspired functional materials. His recent work on water-responsive materials and evaporation-driven engines opens up a new field in energy harvesting and provides opportunities towards solving current challenges in sustainable energy, energy storage, clean water, robotics, and medical technologies. 

Selected Publications

Journal Papers

Xi Chen, Davis Goodnight, Zhenghan Gao, Ahmet-Hamdi Cavusoglu , Nina Sabharwal, Michael Delay, Adam Driks, and Ozgur Sahin, Scaling up nanoscale water-driven energy conversion into evaporation-driven engines and generators, Nature Communications 6, 7346 (2015). (Highlighted in Nature and Science NOW. Major media coverage: NBC News, PBS, BBC, The New York Times‎, The Washington Post, The Guardian, Scientific American, and Discover Magazine.)

Xi Chen, L Mahadevan, Adam Driks and Ozgur Sahin, Bacillus spores as building blocks for stimuli-responsive materials and nanogenerators, Nature Nanotechnology 9, 137-141 (2014). (Highlighted in Science. Major media coverage: The Wall Street Journal and Discovery News.)

Xi Chen, Stephen Guo, Jinwei Li, Guitao Zhang, Ming Lu and Yong Shi, Flexible piezoelectric nanofiber composite membranes as high performance acoustic emission sensors, Sensors and Actuators A 199, 372-378 (2013).

Jinwei Li, Xi Chen, Weihe Xu, Chang-Yong Nam, and Yong Shi, TiO2 nanofiber solid state dye sensitized solar cell with thin TiO2 hole blocking layer prepared by atomic layer deposition, Thin Solid Films 536, 275-276 (2013)

Weihe Xu, Jinwei Li, Guitao Zhang, Xi Chen, Richard Galos, Hamid Hadim, Ming Lu, Yong Shi, A low-cost MEMS tester for measuring single nanostructure's thermal conductivity, Sensors and Actuators A 191, 89–98 (2013)

Xi Chen, Shiyou Xu, Nan Yao, and Yong Shi, Young’s modulus determination of unpolled electrospun PZT nanofibers, Science of Advanced Materials 4, 847-850 (2012). (Invited)

Xi Chen, Anton Li, Nan Yao, and Yong Shi, Adjustable stiffness of individual piezoelectric nanofibers by electron beam polarization, Applied Physics Letters 99, 193102 (2011).

Xi Chen, Jinwei Li, Guitao Zhang, and Yong Shi, PZT nano active fiber composites for acoustic emission detection, Advanced Materials 23, 3965–3969 (2011). (Frontispiece)

Jinwei Li, Xi Chen, Nan Ai, Jumin Hao, Qi Chen, Stefan Strauf and Yong Shi, Silver nanoparticle doped TiO2 nanofiber dye sensitized solar cells, Chemical Physics Letters 514, 141-145 (2011).

Xi Chen, Shiyou Xu, Nan Yao, and Yong Shi, 1.6 Volt Nanogenerator for mechanical energy harvesting using PZT nanofibers, Nano Letters 10, 2133-2137 (2010).

Xi Chen, Shiyou Xu, Nan Yao, Weihe Xu, and Yong Shi, Potential measurement from a single lead zirconate titanate nanofiber using a nanomanipulator, Applied Physics Letters 94, 253113 (2009).


Book Chapters

Xi Chen, Nan Yao, and Yong Shi, “Energy Harvesting Based on PZT Nanofibers,” Energy Efficiency and Renewable energy through Nanotechnology, eds. Ling Zhang, Springer Series in Nanoscience and Technology (2011).

Xi Chen, and Yong Shi, “PZT Nano Active Fiber Composites Based Acoustic Emission Sensor,” Selected Topics in Micro/Nano-robotics for Biomedical Applications, eds. Yi Guo, Springer (2012).