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Daniel Akins

Faculty and Staff Profiles

Daniel L. Akins

Professor of Physical Chemistry
Director of the Center for Analysis of Structures and Interfaces

School/Division
Department

Additional Departments/Affiliated Programs::

Office
2.384
Building: 
CDI
Secondary Phone: 
212-650-8428
Fax: 
212-650-6107
Email: 
akins@ccny.cuny.edu
Personal Website: 
http://www.sci.ccny.cuny.edu/~akins/
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Profile
Description: 

BIO:

Dr. Akins has been a Professor of Chemistry at The City College of New York since 1981, and director of the CUNY-Center for Analysis of Structure and Interfaces since 1988. He holds a doctorate in physical chemistry from the University of California at Berkeley, received in 1968. His mentor at Berkeley was Dr. C. Bradley Moore. From 1968 to 1969, Dr. Akins was a post doctoral associate at the Institute of Molecular Biophysics at The Florida State University (FSU), under the guidance of Dr. Michael Kasha, director. From 1969 to 1970 he served as a visiting assistant professor in the Chemistry Department at FSU. In 1970, Dr. Akins joined the faculty of the Chemistry Department of the University of South Florida, in Tampa, where he rose through the ranks from assistant to associate professor of physical chemistry. In 1977, Dr. Akins took the reins as visiting program director of the physical chemistry subsection of the Dynamics Program at the National Science Foundation. After directing the Dynamics Program for two years, in 1979 Dr. Akins assumed a position as a senior scientist at the Polaroid Corporation, until 1981. Dr. Akins has been published in numerous professional journals. He has extensively lectured at conferences and universities, both national and international. Dr. Akins is a member of several professional organizations, including the American Chemical Society and the Society for Applied Spectroscopy. His principal research focus involves quantum properties of molecular nanostructures and the exploitation of such properties for formulating new nanomaterials with uses in molecular photonic devices (MPDs) and/or chemical sensors. Small groupings of molecules (principally, in our case, so-called molecular aggregates) serve as the active agents. For MPDs the same types of photonic/optoelectronic applications as systems derived from epitaxially prepared inorganic semiconductor superlattices or conjugated organic polymers are anticipated. For chemical sensor applications, the aim is to form robust and highly manipulable new nanomaterials with unique spectral properties for analyses purposes.

Research conducted, more generally, involves: (1) syntheses of semiconductor and magnetic oxide nanoparticles and nanorods within mesoporous aluminosilicates and silicates; (2) fabrication of carbon nanotubes within various matrices; (3) spectroscopic and dynamical investigations of spontaneous and nonlinear laser Raman scattering by monomeric and aggregated molecules on metallic, semiconductor, vesicles surfaces and encapsulated within mesoporous materials; (4) excited state dynamics and determination of photophysical parameters for cyanine dyes and donor-acceptor systems that involve electron-transfer reactions; (5) Raman investigations of porphyrins in solution or adsorbed onto surfaces; (6) spectroscopic studies of biological tissues and herbs; and (7) quantum chemical calculations of porphyrins and dye molecules..

 

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Education
Description: 

Education:

Howard University, B.S., with Honors. 

University of California at Berkeley, Ph.D. (June 1968).  Research with Professor C. Bradley Moore.

Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Institute of Molecular Biophysics (June 1968-Sept. 1969), The Florida State University.  Research with Professor Michael Kasha.

 

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Professional Experience
Description: 

Professional Experience:

Chair of Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Louis J. Curtman Professor (2014 - 2017)

Doctoral Faculty of the Graduate School and University Center's Ph.D. Program in Chemical Engineering, The City University of New York, March 2001 - present

Distinguished Service Professor of Chemistry, The City College of The City University of New York, April 1, 1996 - present

Director, CUNY “Center for Analysis of Structures and Interfaces (CASI), The City College, Chemistry Department, September 1988 - present

Professor of Physical Chemistry, The City College of The City University of New York, September 1981 - present

Senior Scientist, Polaroid Corporation (Research Division), July 1979 - September 1981

Program Director for Chemical Dynamics, National Science Foundation, July 1977 - July 1979

Guest Scientist, Laser Chemistry Section (Laboratory of John C. Stephenson), National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Md., July 1977 - July 1979

Associate Professor, The University of South Florida, September 1975 - June 1977

Assistant Professor, The University of South Florida, September 1970 - September 1975

Visiting Assistant Professor, The Florida State University, June 1969 - September 1970

 

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Research Interests
Description: 

Research Interests:

Quantum properties of molecular nanostructures and the exploitation of such properties for formulating new nanomaterials with uses in molecular photonic devices (MPDs) and/or chemical sensors. Small groupings of molecules (principally, in our case, so-called molecular aggregates) serve as the active agents. For MPDs the same types of photonic/optoelectronic applications as systems derived from epitaxially prepared inorganic semiconductor superlattices or conjugated organic polymers are anticipated. For chemical sensor applications, the aim is to form robust and highly manipulable new nanomaterials with unique spectral properties for analyses purposes.

Research conducted, more generally, involves: (1) syntheses of semiconductor and magnetic oxide nanoparticles and nanorods within mesoporous aluminosilicates and silicates; (2) fabrication of carbon nanotubes within various matrices; (3) spectroscopic and dynamical investigations of spontaneous and nonlinear laser Raman scattering by monomeric and aggregated molecules on metallic, semiconductor, vesicles surfaces and encapsulated within mesoporous materials; (4) excited state dynamics and determination of photophysical parameters for cyanine dyes and donor-acceptor systems that involve electron-transfer reactions; (5) Raman investigations of porphyrins in solution or adsorbed onto surfaces; (6) spectroscopic studies of biological tissues and herbs; and (7) quantum chemical calculations of porphyrins and dye molecules.

 

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Additional Information
Description: 

Honors:

         2000 Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring (PAESMEM); NSF administered award for the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), Fifth Symposium held in Washington, D.C., Sept. 7-8, 2000.

         999 Faculty Service Award, at the 147th Annual Meeting of The Alumni Association of the City College of New York

         Distinguished Lecturer, Sigma Xi Lecturers, 1997-1998

          Biography in Math: A Rich Heritage, Globe Fearon Educational Publisher, Simon & Schuster Education Group, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1995.

          Distinguished Lecturer, Sigma Xi Lecturers, 1996-1997.

          Bausch and Lomb Science Award, 1959.

          Howard University Competitive Scholarship.

          Howard University Sophomore Chemistry Award.

          American Institute of Chemists Award, 1963.

          Phi Beta Kappa, 1963.

          Sigma Pi Sigma Physics Society, 1962.

          Society of Sigma Xi, 1963.

Recent Local/National/International Committees and Boards:

Advisory Board for the 2012 Emerging Researchers National ((ERN) Conference in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM).  Hosted by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Education and Human Resources Program 

(EHR) and the NSF Division of Human Resource Development (HRD).

Enabling Bioanalytical & Biophysical Technologies (EBT) Study Section, NIH, 2010 -2013.

Invited by The National Academies (Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences) NRC Committee to Review 2008 Engineering Research and Commercialization Proposal of the Ohio Third Frontier Program,. The NAS Building, Washington, DC, April 23-24, 2008.

Invited NSF Workshop Participant.  "Building Electronic Function into Nanoscale Molecular Architectures," June 7-8, 2007, Marymount Univ. Conference Center.

Invited Member of the Science Foundation of Arizona's (SFAz's) Proposal Review Committee.  May 9 – May 12, 2007, Phoenix, Arizona.

Invited Member of The Council for Chemical Research (27th Annual Meeting: "Shaping the Future of Chemical Sciences & Engineering").  April 30 – May 3, 2006, Loews Ventana Canyon Resort, Tucson, Arizona.

The National Academy of Sciences, member of the Committee to Review Physical Sciences Proposals to the 2005 Wright Centers of Innovation Competition of the State of Ohio, Columbus, Ohio.  Meeting Location: 31st Floor, Riffe Center; Meeting Date: February 9 and 10, 2005.

Invited Member of the Pre-Conference on Designing Nanostructures.  Convened Under the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative (NAKFI) on Designing Nanostructures–September 18-19, 2004.

NSF-Partnership for Innovation (PFI).  Panel-4 member: Research, Tech Transfer, Commercialization, Arlington, VA, May 15-16, 2003.

NSF-IGERT Project Directors' Meeting, 2003.

DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers Workshop, Washington, D.C., February 26-28, 2003.  "Building for the Nanoscale Revolution."

NSF-Chemistry Site-Visit team member for Caltech's Laboratory for Molecular Sciences (LMS), October 11-13, 2001.  Team members: Daniel L. Akins, CCNY; David Chandler, Sandia National Labs; Robert F. Curl, Rice Univ.; Hai-Lung Dai, Univ. of Pennsylvania. 

NSF-Chemistry REU PI Workshop, Arlington, VA, 3/2-3/2001.  (Co-organizer and Chair of two subcommittees and developed reports dealing with "Recruiting Participant Demographics" and "Research Experience for Teachers.")

NSF-Committee of Visitors for the Chemistry Division, Arlington, VA, 2/12-14/2001.  (Chaired committee and developed COV report for Foundation efforts dealing with Large Groups projects, Chemical Instrumentation Program, and Educational Projects in Chemistry).

NSF-Presenter at 2001 Principal Investors' Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT) meeting, Arlington, VA, 2/8-9/2001.

National Science Foundation's workshop, Partnerships: Building a New Foundation for Innovation, held 6/18-19/2001, in Arlington, Virginia.

NSF-MRSEC Panel-A panelist for FY 2000 finalist in competition.  Arlington, VA, 5/9-11, 2000.

NSF-Innovation Workshop: A working group on Partnerships for Innovation,  Arlington, VA, 3/9-10/2000.

NSF-New Funding Opportunities: A workshop for Physical Chemists.  Co-chair of sub-panel dealing with "Educating Tomorrow's Chemist and non-Chemist."  Keystone, CO, 9/18-20, 1998.

NSF-European Commission Workshop in Leuven Belgium: Participated in the development of a cooperative research program involving US & European scientists & engineers that aims at expanding materials limits with the purpose of contributing to the development of future technologies, 12/10/96-12/15/96.

National Institutes of Health MARC Review Committee, 1993-1996

 

Heading: 
Publications
Description: 

Publications:

(149) "Solvent Effects on Electronic Spectra ad Structures of Free-Bass and Protonated Porphyrin," Metin Aydin and Daniel L. Akins, J. of Computational Chemistry, submitted 10/18/17.

(148) "Geometric and Electronic Properties of Porphyrin and its Derivatives," Metin Aydin and Daniel L. Akins, Chap. 10, InTech, pp. 207-231, (2016), DOI: 10.5772/64583; in Applications of Molecular Spectroscopy to Current Research in the Chemical and Biological Sciences, Mark T. Stauffer (Ed.), Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/applications-of-molecular-spectroscopy-t.....

(147) "Infrared and Raman Spectroscopic Characterization of Porphyrin and its Derivatives," Metin Aydin and Daniel L. Akins, Chap. 7, InTech, pp. 141-162, (2016); in Applications of Molecular Spectroscopy to Current Research in the Chemical and Biological Sciences, Mark Stauffer (Ed.), InTech, DOI: 10.5772/64582.  Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/applications-of-molecular-spectroscopy-t....

(146) "Synthesis and Characterization of Quantum Dots: A Case Study Using PbS," Yi Pan, Yue Ru Li, Yu Zhao and Daniel L. Akins, J. Chem. Edu., 92, 1860-1865 (2015), DOI: 10.1021/ed5009415.

(145) "Nanomolecular gas sensor architectures based on functionalized carbon nanotubes for vapor detection," Deon Hines, Henan Zhang, Mark H. Rümmeli, David Adebimpe and Daniel L. Akins, SPIE.DSS, Image Sensing Technologies: Materials, Devices, Systems, and Applications II., Baltimore, MD; 04/2015

(144) "High-Yield Photolytic Generation of Brominated Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes and their Application for Gas Sensing," Deon Hines, Mark Rümmeli, David Adebimpe and Daniel L. Akins, Chem. Commun., 50, 11568-11571 (2014), doi: 10.1039/c4cc03702b.

(143) "Controllable modification of electronic Structure of Carbon-Supported Core–Shell Cu@Pd Catalysts for formic acid oxidation," Ren, Mingjun; Zhou, Yi; Tao, Feifei; Zou, Zhiqing; Akins, Daniel; Yang, Hui, J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 12669−12675 (2014).

(142) "Enhanced Raman Scattering by Molecular Nanoaggregates (Invited Review Article)," Daniel L. Akins, Nanomater Nanotechnol, 2014, 4:4. doi: 10.5772/58403.

(141) "Highly alloyed PtRu black electrocatalysts for methanol oxidation prepared using magnesia nanoparticles as sacrificial templates," Liangliang Zou, Jing Guo, Juanying Liu, Zhiqing Zou, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, Journal of Power Sources, 248, 356-362 (2014).

(140) "Chemoresistive Responses of Functionalized SWNTs (559i)," Deon Hines, David O.B.A Adebimpe, Daniel L. Akins and Anthony Guiseppi-Elie, Amer. Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChe), 2013 Annual Meeting, Nanoscale Science and Engineering Forum.

(139) "Synthesis of a Nanocomposite Composed of Reduced Graphene Oxide and Gold Nanoparticles," Henan Zhang, Deon Hines and Daniel L. Akins, Dalton Trans., 2014 Feb 14;43(6):2670-5. doi: 10.1039/c3dt52573b. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

(138) "Vibrational and electronical properties of functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes and double-walled boron nitride nanotubes," Metin Aydin and Daniel L. Akins in Physical and Chemical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes. Edited by: Satoru Suzuki. ISBN 978-953-51-1002-6; http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/51486; Published 2013-02-27.

(137) "Structure and performance of dielectric films based on self-assembled nanocrystals with a high dielectric constant," Limin Huang, Shuangyi Liu, Barry J Van Tassell, Xiaohua Liu, Andrew Byro, Henan Zhang, Eli S. Leland, Daniel L. Akins, Daniel A. Steingart, Jackie Li and Stephen O'Brien, Nanotechnology, 24, DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/41/415602 (2013).

(136) "A Study of the Effect of Heat-treatment on the Morphology of Nafion Ionomer Dispersion and 117 Membrane for use in the Passive DMFC," Ting Yuan, Haifeng Zhang,* Zhiqing Zou, Sufia Khatun, Daniel Akins, Yara Adam and Sophia Suarez, Membranes, 2(4), 841-854 (2012).

(135) "Comprehensive Dielectric Performance of Bismuth Acceptor Doped BaTiO3 Based Nanocrystal Thin Film Capacitors," Shuangyi Liu, Henan Zhang, Lev Sviridov, Limin Huang, Xiaohua Liu, Jacopo Samson, Daniel L. Akins, Jackie Li and Stephen O’Brien, J. Mater. Chem., 22, 21862-21870 (2012); DOI: 10.1039/C2JM34044E.

(134) "Synthesis and New Structure Shaping Mechanism of Silica Particles Formed at High pH," Henan Zhang, Yu Zhao and Daniel L. Akins, J. Solid State Chem., 194, 277–281 (October 2012).; dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2012.05.031.

(133) "Enhanced performance of a passive direct methanol fuel cell with decreased NafionÒ aggregate size within the cathode catalytic layer," Sophia Suarez, Ting Yuan, Haifeng Zhang, Hui Yang, Sufia Khatun and Daniel Akins, Journal of the Electrochemical Society (2012).

(132) "A Facile Method to Synthesis Hollow Silica Ellipsoids and their Derivatives," Henan Zhang and Daniel L. Akins, MRS Proceedings, 2012, 1386.

(131) "Formation of Graphene Oxide Nanocomposites from Carbon Dioxide Using Ammonia Borane," Junshe Zhang, Yu Zhao, Xudong Guan, Ruth E. Stark, Daniel L. Akins and Jae W. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 116, 2639-2622 (2012); dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp210295e.

(130) "Synthesis of hollow ellipsoidal silica nanostructures using a wet-chemical etching approach," Henan Zhang, Yi Zhou, Yueru Li, Teresa J. Bandosz and Daniel L. Akins, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 375, 106–111 (2012); doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2012.02.046.

(129) "An Efficient reduction route for Pd-Pt nanoparticles anchored on graphene nanosheets as durable oxygen reduction electrocatalysts," Wei He, Huijun Jiang, Yi Zhou, Xinzhong Sue, Zhiqing Zou, Xiaogang Zhang, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, Carbon, 50, 265-274 (2012).

(128) "Fast hydrogen desorption from CO2-treated ammonia borane," Zhang, Junshe; Xiong, Ran; Zhao, Yu; et al., ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Volume: 244, Meeting Abstract: 109-ENFL, Published: AUG 19 2012.

(127) "Template-free synthesis of silica ellipsoids," Henan Zhang, Teresa J. Bandosz and Daniel L. Akins, Chem. Commun., 47, 7791–7793 (2011).

(126) "Template-Free Synthesis of Ellipsoidal Silica Nanoparticles," Henan Zhang, Daniel L. Akins, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. Accepted 2011 MRS Fall Meeting proceedings.

(125) "Rapid Release of 1.5 Equivalents of Hydrogen from CO2-Treated Ammonia Borane," Ran Xiong, Junshe Zhang, Yu Zhao, Daniel L. Akins, and Jae W. Lee, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 37:4, 3344-3349 (2011).

(124) "Calorimetric and Microscopic Studies on the Noncatalytic Hydrothermolysis of Ammonia Borane," Junshe Zhang, Yu Zhao, Daniel L. Akins and Jae W. Lee, Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research, 50:18, 10407-10413 (2011). DOI: 10.1021/ie200878u.

(123) "Effect of Composition on Dehydrogenation of Mesoporous Silica/Ammonia Borane Nanocomposites," Yu Zhao, Junshe Zhang, Daniel L. Akins and Jae W. Lee, Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research, 50:17, 10024-10028 (2011). DOI: 10.1021/ie200330x.

(122) "Origin of Performance Degradation of Palladium-Based Direct Formic Acid Fuel Cells," Mingjun Ren, Yongyin Kang, Wei He, Zhiqing Zou, Xinzhong Xue, Daniel L. Akins, Hui Yang and Songlin Feng. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 104, 49–53 (2011).

(121) "Template-free synthesis of silica ellipsoids," Henan Zhang, Teresa J. Bandosz and Daniel L. Akins, Chem. Commun., 47(27), 7791 – 7793 (2011).

(120) "Geometric and Spectroscopic Properties of Carbon Nanotubes and Boron Nitride Nanotubes," Metin Aydin and Daniel L. Akins, in Carbon Nanotubes; Intech Open Access Publisher, Book 5, ISBN 978-953-307-499-3, Edited by Prof. Jose Mauricio Marulanda, June 2011.

(119) "CO2-Enhanced Thermolytic H2 Release from Ammonia Borane," Junshe Zhang, Yu Zhao, Daniel L. Akins and Jae W. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 115 (16), 8386–8392 (2011). DOI: 10.1021/jp200049y.

(118) "Cobalt-Polypyrrole-Carbon Black (Co-PPY-CB) Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction (ORR) in Fuel Cells: Composition and Kinetic Activity," Danh Nguyen-Thanh, Anatoly I. Frenkel, Jianqiang Wang, Stephen O’Brien and Daniel L. Akins. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 105, 50-60 (2011).

(117) "Density functional theory and Raman spectroscopy applied to structure and vibrational mode analysis of 1,1′,3,3′-tetraethyl-5,5′,6,6′-tetrachlorobenzimidazolocarbocyanine iodide and its aggregate," Metin Aydin, Özge Dede and Daniel L. Akins. J. Chem. Phys., 134, 064325 (2011).

(116) "Improved electrocatalytic performance of Pd nanoparticles with size-controlled Nafion aggregates for formic acid oxidation," Yongyin Kang, Mingjun Ren, Zhiqing Zou, Qinghong Huang, Zhilin Li, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, Electrochimica Acta 55, 5274–5280 (2010).

(115) "Thermal Decomposition and Spectroscopic Studies of Preheated Ammonia Borane," Junshe Zhang, Yu Zhao, Daniel L. Akins and Jae W. Lee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 114 (45), 19529–19534, (2010); jp-2010-05014t.R2, 10/06/10.

(114) "Calculated Dependence of Vibrational Band Frequencies of Single-Walled and Double-Walled Carbon Nanotubes on Diameter," Metin Aydin and Daniel L. Akins, Vibrational Spectroscopy, 53, 163-172 (2010).

(113) "Effect of Heat Treatment on Stability of Gold Particle Modified Carbon Supported Pt-Ru Anode Catalysts for a Direct Methanol Fuel Cell," Xiaowei Li, Juanyin Liu, Qinghong Huang, Walter Vogel, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, Electrochimica Acta, 56, 278-284 (2010).

(112) "Fluorination of Vulcan XC-72R for Cathodic Microporous Layer for Passive Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell," Mei Chen, Shenjun Wang, Zhiqing Zou, Ting Yuan, Zhilin Li, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, J. Appl. Electrochem., 40, 2117-2124 (2010).

(111) "Double microporous layer cathode for membrane electrode assembly of passive direct methanol fuel cells," Jianyu Cao, Mei Chen, Ji Chen, Zhiqing Zou, Qinghong Huang, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, 4622-4629 (2010).

(110) "Enhanced Catalytic Hydrogen Release of LiBH4 by Carbon-supported Pt Nanoparticles," Huan Xu, Jianyu Yu, Zhiqing Zou, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 490, 88-92, (2010).

(109) "Simple preparation of Pd-Pt nanoalloy catalysts for methanol-tolerant oxygen reduction," Wei He, Juanying Liu, Yongjin Qiao, Zhiqing Zou, Ziaogang Zhang, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, J. Power sources, 195, 1046-1050 (2010); doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2009.09.006.

(108) "Simple Complexing Reduction Synthesis of Pd-Pt/C Alloy Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction," Xiaowei Li, Yu Zhu, Zhiqing Zou, Miaoying Zhao, Zhilin Li, Qun Zhou, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, J. Electrochem. Soc., 156 (10), B1107-B1111 (2009).

(107) "A Covalently Linked Phenanthridine–Ruthenium(II) Complex as a RNA Probe," Naphtali A. O Connor, Nathan Stevens, Diana Samaroo, Marissa R. Solomon, Angel A. Martí, Joanne Dyer, Harshad Vishwasrao, Daniel L. Akins, Eric R. Kandel and Nicholas J. Turro, Chem. Commun., 2009, 2640–2642; DOI: 10.1039/b900290a.

(106) "Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Single–walled Carbon Nanotube–Gold Nanoparticle Composites," Huijun Jiang, Yu Zhao, HuiYang and Daniel L. Akins, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 114, 879–883 (2009).

(105) "Enhanced Dehydrogenation of LiBH4 Catalyzed by Carbon-Supported Pt Nanoparticles," Juan Xu, Xuebin Yu, Zhilin Li, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang, Chem. Commun., 5740-5742 (2008), doi: 10.1039/b812476k.

(104) "A Biosensing Platform Based on Horseradish Peroxidase Immobilized onto Chitosan Wrapped Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Huijun Jiang, Chong Du, Zhiqing Zou, Xiaowei Li, Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang. J. of Solid State Electrochemistry, 13, 791-798 (2009), dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10008-008-0612-5.

(103) "Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalytic Activity of Microperoxidase-11 Immobilized on Chitosan Wrapped Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Huijun Jiang, Philippe Mercier, Shiunchin C. Wang, Chong Du, Xiwei Li, Hui Yang and Daniel L. Akins, J. Functional Materials and Devices, 15, 132-143 (2009).

(102) "Direct Electrochemistry and Electrocatalysis of Catalase Immobilized on a SWNT Nanocomposite-Film," Huijun Jiang, HuiYang and Daniel L. Akins. J. Electroanal. Chem, 623, 181-186 (2008), doi: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2008.07.024.

(101) "Coumarin Dye as a Fluorescence Sensor for Methanol Vapor," N. Stevens and D. L. Akins, in Spectral Sensing Research for Water Monitoring Applications and Frontier Science and Technology for Chemical, Biological and Radiological Defense, World Scientific, D. Woolard & J. Jensen, Eds., Vol. 48, pp 453- 461, 2008.

(100) "Coumarin Dye as a Fluorescence Sensor for Methanol Vapor," N. Stevens and D. L. Akins, International Journal of High Speed Electronics and Sensors, World Scientific, 18:1, 195-203 (2008).

(99) "Two Color RNA Intercalating Probe for Cell Imaging Applications," Nathan Stevens, Naphtali O'Connor, Harshad Vishwasrao, Diana Samaroo, Eric R. Kandel, Daniel L. Akins, Charles M. Drain, and Nicholas J. Turro, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 130(23), 7182–7183 (2008).

(98) "AOT Dispersed Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Transistor Device Application," Shiunchin C. Wang, Hui Yang, Sarbajit Banerjee, Irving P. Herman and Daniel L. Akins, Materials Lett., 62, 843-845 (2008), doi:10.1016/j.

(97) "Carbon-Supported Pd-Co Bimetallic Nanoparticles as Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction," Wenming Wang, Dan Zheng, Chong Du, Zhiqing Zou, Xigui Zhang, Baojia Xia, Hui Yang and Daniel L. Akins, J. Power Sources, 167, 243-249 (2007).

(96) "Nonlinear Optical Switching Properties of Dye-Doped Inorganic/Organic Nanocomposite Films," N. Stevens and D. L. Akins, ACS Volume Based on Self-Organization of Photonic Nanomaterials, 2007.

(95) "Design and Characterization of Two-dyes and Three-dyes Binary Probes Composites for mRNA Detection," Angel A. Martí, Xiaoxu Li, Steffen Jockusch, Nathan Stevens, Zengmin Li, Bindu Raveendra, Sergey Kalachikov, Irina Morozova, Daniel L. Akins, Jingyue Ju, Nicholas J. Turro, Tetrahedron, 63, 3591-3600 (2007).

(94) "Dye-Doped Inorganic/Organic Composite Films as Fluorescence Sensors for Methanol Vapor," N. Stevens and D. L. Akins, Sensors & Actuators: B. Chemical, 123:1, 59-64 (2007).

(93) "The Production of a High Loading of almost Monodispersed Pt Nanoparticles on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Methanol Oxidation," Jianyu Cao, Chong Du, Shiunchin C. Wang, Philippe Mercier, Xigui Zhang, Hui Yang and Daniel L. Akins, Electrochemistry Communications, 9, 735-740 (2007).

(92) "AOT as Spacing Agent for Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites," Shiunchin C. Wang, Hui Yang and Daniel L. Akins, Polymer Preprints, 47(2), 469-470 (2006).

(91) "Magnesium Effects on CdSe Self-assembled Quantum Dot Formation on ZnxCdyMg1-x-ySe Layers," M. Noemi Perez-Paz, Hong Lu, Aidong Shen, F. Jean Mary, Daniel Akins, Maria C. Tamargo, Jour. of Crystal Growth, 294, 296-303 (2006).

(90) "Combinatorial Fluorescence Energy Transfer Molecular Beacons for Probing Nucleic Acid Sequences," Xiaoxu Li, Zengmin Li, Angel A. Marti, Steffen Jockusch, Nathan Stevens, Daniel L. Akins (20%, Nicholas J. Turro and Jingyue Ju, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 5, 896-902 (2006).

(89) "Carbon-Supported Pt–Co Alloy Nanoparticles for Oxygen Reduction Reaction," Qinghong Huang, Hui Yang, Yawen Tang, Tianhong Lu and Daniel L. Akins, Electrochemical Comm., 8, 1220-1224 (2006).

(88) "Platinum/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposites as Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts," Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang. Patent Application (2005), US Patent Office. Patent Disclosure.

(87) "Methods and Devices for Making Carbon Nanotubes and Compositions Thereof," Daniel L. Akins and Hui Yang. United States Patent 20060204426.

(86) "Spectroscopic Investigation of a FRET Molecular Beacon Containing Two Fluorophores for Probing DNA/RNA Sequences," Steffen Jockusch, Angel Marti, Nicholas J. Turro, Zengmin Li, Xiaoxu Li, Jingyue Ju, Nathan Stevens and Daniel L. Akins (20%), Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 5, 493-498, (2006).

(85) "Diameter-Selective Dispersion of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Using a Water-Soluble, Biocompatible Polymer," Hui Yang, Shiunchin C. Wang, Philippe Mercier and Daniel L. Akins , Chem. Commun., 1425-1427 (2006).

(84) "Self-Aligned Magnetic Dipole Moments of Fe2O3 Formed Within a Sol-Gel Matrix," Xiaoming Zhang, Haiquan Guo, Ning Chi, Chunchin C. Wang, Nan-Loh Yang and Daniel L. Akins , Materials Chemistry and Physics, 98, 207-211 (2006).

(83) "High-Pressure Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes with a Variety of Morphologies," Hui Yang, Philippe Mercier, Shiunchin C. Wang, and Daniel L. Akins , Chem. Phys. Lett., 416, 18-21 (2005).

(82) "Optical Spectra of a Novel Polyoxometalate Occluded within Modified MCM-41," Xiaoming Zhang, Cheng Zhang, Haiquan Guo, Wenlin Huang, Tatyana Polenova, Lynn C. Francesconi and Daniel L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 109, 19156-19160 (2005).

(81) "Magnetic Ordering of Ferric Oxide within SiO2-Based Mesoporous Materials," Haiquan Guo, Min-Hui Cui, Xiaoming Zhang, Wei Xu, Renu Sharma, Nan-Loh Yang and Daniel L. Akins, Materials Research Bulletin, 40(10), 1713-1725 (2005).

(80) "Solubilization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Using Aerosol OT," Shiunchin C. Wang, Hui Yang, and Daniel L. Akins, Polymer Preprints, 46(1), 226 (2005).

(79) "High Methanol Tolerance of Carbon-Supported Pt-Cr Alloy Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction", Hui Yang, Nicolas Alonso-Vante, Claude Lamy and Daniel L. Akins, J. Electrochem. Soc., 152, A704-A709 (2005).

(78) "Catalytic Reduction of Methyl Viologen by Sulfide Ion Within MCM-41," Yanting Liao, Ling Zang and Daniel L. Akins, Catalysis Communications, 6, 141 (2005).

(77) "Single Layer and Stacked CdSe Self-Assembled Quantum Dots with ZnCdMgSe Barriers for Visible and White Light Emitters," M. Noemi Perez-Paz, Xuecong Zhou, Martin Muñoz, Mohammad Sohel, Hong Lu, Francisco Fernandez, Fleumingue Jean-Mary, Daniel L. Akins and Maria C. Tamargo, Jour. of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, 23, 1236-1239 (2005).

(76) "Photophysical properties of aggregated organic dyes/nanoparticle composites," N. Stevens and D. L. Akins, ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, Volume 228, Issue 1, 2004, Pages COLL-175.

(75) "CdSe Self-Assembled Quantum Dots with ZnCdMgSe Barriers Emitting Throughout the Visible Spectrum," M. Noemi Perez-Paz, Xuecong Zhou, Martin Munoz, Hong Lu, Mohamad Sohel, Maria C. Tamargo, Fleumingue Jean-Mary and Daniel L. Akins, Applied Physics Letters, 85:(26), 6395-6397 (2004).

(74) "Methanol Oxidation on Carbon-Supported Pt-Os Bimetallic Nanoparticle Electrocatalysts," Junjie Huang, Hui Yang, Qinghong Huang, Yawen Tang, Tianhong Lu and Daniel L. Akins, Jour. Electrochem. Soc., 151, A1810-A1815 (2004).

(73) "Density Functional Theory Applied to Structure and Vibrational Band Analysis of an Aggregated Thiacarbocyanine," Metin Aydin, Fleumingue Jean-Mary, Nathan Stevens and Daniel L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 108, 9695 (2004).

(72) "Aggregation of Thionine Dye within AlMCM-48," Wei Xu, Metin Aydin, Sheuli Zakia and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 108, 5588 (2004).

(71) "Reverse Micellar Synthesis of CdS Nanoparticles and Self-Assembly into a Superlattice," Wei Xu and D. L. Akins, Materials Letters, 58, 2623-2626 (2004).

(70) "Spectroscopy and Dynamics of DCM Encapsulated in MCM-41 and Y Zeolite Mesoporous Materials," Haiquan Guo, Xiaoming Zhang, Metin Aydin, Wei Xu, Han-Ru Zhu and D. L. Akins, Jour. of Molecular Structure, 689, 153 (2004).

(69) "Self-assembled molecular aggregates in solution and on functionalized substrates: Optical and morphological studies," Jean-Mary, F; Akins, DL, ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Volume:228, Pages: U476-U476, Part: 1, Meeting Abstract: 162-COLL, Published: AUG 22 2004.

(68) "Microwave Absorption by Nanostructural Ferric Oxide Encapsulated within MCM-41," Haiquan Guo, Wei Xu, Min-Hui Cui, Nan-Loh Yang and Daniel L. Akins, Chem. Commun., pp 1432-1433 (2003).

(67) "Polyoxoanion Occluded within Modified MCM-41: Spectroscopy and Structure," Wei Xu, Qunhui Luo, Hsin Wang, Lynn C. Francesconi, Ruth E. Stark and Daniel L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 497 (2003).

(66) "Self-assembly of semiconductor nanoparticles into superlattice," Akins, DL; Xu, W; O'Brien, SP; et al., ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, Volume: 225, Pages: U509-U509,Part: 2, Meeting Abstract: 409-PHYS, Published: MAR 2003.

(65) Mind Over Matter in an Era of Convergent Technologies (D. L. Akins), in Convergent Technologies for Improving Human Performance, Mihail C. Roco and William Sims Bainbridge, Ed.; Kluwer Academic Publishers, (2003), pp. 367 – 373; NSF/DOC-Sponsored Report, http://www.wtec.org/ConvergingTechnologies/Report/NBIC_frontmatter.pdf.

(64) "Formation of CdS Nanoparticles within Modified MCM-41 and SBA-15," W. Xu, Y. Liao and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106, 11127 (2002).

(63) "Density Functional Theory Used in Structure Determinations and Raman Band Assignments for Pseudoisocyanine and Its Aggregate," C. Guo, M. Aydin, Han-Ru Zhu and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106, 5447 (2002).

(62) "Absorption and Exciton Emission by an Aggregated Cyanine Dye Occluded within Mesoporous SBA-15," W. Xu and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106, 1993 (2002).

(61) "Triple Fluorescence Energy Transfer in Covalently Trichromophore-Labeled DNA," Anthony K. Tong, Steffen Jockusch, Zengmin Li, Han-Ru Zhu, Daniel L. Akins, Nicholas J. Turro and Jingyue Ju, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 12923-12924 (2001).

(60) "Aggregation and Exciton Emission of a Cyanine Dye Encapsulated within Mesoporous MCM-41," W. Xu, H. Guo and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B., 105, 7686 (2001).

(59) "Aggregation of Tetrakis(p-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TSPP) within Modified Mesoporous MCM-41," W. Xu, H. Guo and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 105, 1543 (2001).

(58) "Confocal Microprobe Raman Spectroscopy for Investigating the Aggregation Process at the Liquid/Air Interface," B. Ren, Z.-Q. Tian, C. Guo and D. L. Akins, Chem. Phys. Lett., 328, 17 (2000).

(57) "Superradiance of J-Aggregated Thiacarbocyanine Molecules," S. and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 8926 (1999).

(56) "Effects of the method and basis of porphine structure," S. Y. Ma, D. L. Akins, C. Guo, in: Xu Qingjin, ed., 7th Chinese Chemical Society Symposium on Quantum Chemistry (in Chinese), Fuzhou: Chin. J. Struct. Chem., 1999, 383.

(55) "Theoretical study on the structure of N-protonated porphine," S. Y. Ma, D. L. Akins, C. Guo, in: Xu Qingjin, ed., 7th Chinese Chemical Society Symposium on Quantum Chemistry (in Chinese), Fuzhou: Chin. J. Struct. Chem., 1999, 385.

(54) "Micro-Raman Spectroscopy of Meso-tetrakis(p-sulfonatophenyl)porphine at Electrode Surfaces," C. Guo, B. Ren and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 102, 8751 (1998).

(53) "Superradiant Lasing From J-Aggregated Molecules Adsorbed Onto Colloidal Silver," Serdar Özçelik, Isin Özçelik and D. L. Akins, Appl. Phys. Lett., 73, 1949 (1998).

(52) "Optical Dynamics of Interacting One- and Two-Excitons: Equations and Solutions," D. L. Akins, Proceeding of NOBCChE, 24, 17 (1997).

(51) "Extremely Low Excitation Threshold, Superradiant, Molecular Aggregate Lasing System," S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, Appl. Phys. Lett., 71, 3057 (1997).

(50) "Aggregation-Enhanced Raman Scattering (AERS) of a Cyanine Dye in Homogeneous Solution," D. L. Akins, S. Özçelik, H. -R. Zhu and C. Guo, J. Phys. Chem. A, 101, 3251 (1997).

(49) "Nature of Exciton-Exciton Annihilation in an Aggregated Cyanine Dye," S. Özçelik and D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem. B, 101, 3021 (1997).

(48) Structure and Exciton Emission Dynamics of Molecular Aggregates: Cyanines and Porphyrins, Daniel L. Akins, in "J-Aggregates," T. Kobayashi, Ed.; World Scientific: New Jersey, 1996; Chapter 3, pp. 67-94.

(47) "Structure and Exciton Emission Dynamics of Molecular Aggregates: Cyanines and Porphyrins," Daniel L. Akins, J.-Aggregates (1996), 67-94.

(46) "Fluorescence Decay Kinetics and Structure of Aggregated Tetrakis(p-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin," Daniel L. Akins, Serdar Özçelik, Han-Ru Zhu, Chu Guo, J. Phys. Chem., 100, 14390 (1996).

(45) "Aggregation of Tetraaryl-Substituted Porphyrins in Homogeneous Solution," Daniel L. Akins, Han-Ru Zhu and Chu Guo, J. Phys. Chem., 100, 5420 (1996).

(44) "Theoretical Studies on the Structural Change of the Protonation Process of Porphine," Siyu Ma, Zonghe Li, Junyin He, Daniel L. Akins and Chu Guo, Beijing Shifan Daxue Xuebao, Ziran Kexueban, 32, 246 (1996).

(43) "High-performance Liquid Chromatography of Cyanine Dyes: Multiphase Separation, Purification and Substitution of the Counter Ion," D. L. Akins and V. T. Kumar, Jour. of Chromatogr. A, 689, 269 (1995).

(42) "Superradiance of 2,2'-Cyanine Adsorbed onto a Vesicle Surface," Daniel L. Akins and Serdar Özçelik, 2nd Annual Res. Center for Optical Physics Forum, Sept. 23-24, 1994, Hampton Univ.; NASA Conf. Pub. 3314, Oct. 1995, pp. 59-80.

(41) "Aggregation-Enhanced Raman Scattering by a Water-Soluble Porphyrin," Daniel L. Akins, 2nd Annual Res. Center for Optical Physics Forum, Sept. 23-24, 1994, Hampton Univ.; NASA Conf. Pub. 3314, Oct. 1995, pp. 45-58.

(40) "Photoinitiated Electron Transfer in Synthetic Model Systems," D. L. Akins and C. Guo, Adv. Mater., 6, 512 (1994).

(39) "Enhanced Raman Scattering by Aggregated 2,2'-Cyanine Adsorbed onto Phospholipid Vesicles," D. L. Akins, S. Özçelik and J. –Q. Liu, Abstract, Pittcon 94, Chicago, Ill., 1994.

(38) "Absorption and Raman Scattering by Meso-Tetrakis(p-Sulfonatophenyl) Porphyrin," D. L. Akins, H. –R. Zhu and C. Guo, J. Phys. Chem., 98, 3612 (1994).

(37) "Raman Excitation Spectra of Exciton-Phonon Modes of Aggregated 2,2'-Cyanine Using an Internal Raman Standard," D. L. Akins, Y. H. Zhuang, H. –R. Zhu and J. Q. Liu, J. Phys. Chem., 98, 1068 (1993).

(36) "NIR Raman and Fluorescence Spectroscopies Diagnose Cancer!," C. –H. Liu, B. B. Das, W. L. Glassman, G. S. Tang, H. –R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, S. S. Lubicz, J. Cleary, R. Prudente, E. Celmer, E. Caron and R. R. Alfano, Physicological Imaging, Spectroscopy, and Early-Detection Diagnostic Methods, in SPIE Proceeding, Vol. 1887, p. 188, 1993.

(35) "Near-Infrared-Excited FT-Raman Spectroscopic Study of Covalently Linked Porphyrin-Viologen Compounds," D. L. Akins, H. –R. Zhu and C. Guo, J. Phys. Chem., 97, 8681 (1993).

(34) "Near-Infrared-Excited FT-Raman Spectra of Covalently Linked Porphyrin-Nitrobenzene Compounds," D. L. Akins, H. –R. Zhu and C. Guo, J. Phys. Chem., 97, 3974 (1993): 97, 6760 (1993).

(33) "Visible Raman and Near-IR FT-Raman Characterization of Adsorbed 4,4'-Cyanine," D. L. Akins, J. W. Macklin and H. –R. Zhu, J. Phys. Chem., 96, 4515 (1992).

(32) "Raman Excitation Spectra of Coupled Intramolecular-Intermolecular Vibronic Modes of Aggregated 4,4'-Cyanine," D. L. Akins and H. –R. Zhu, Langmuir, 8, 546 (1992).

(31) "Raman, Fluorescence, and Time-Resolved Light Scattering as Optical Diagnostic Techniques to Separate Diseased and Normal Biomedical Media," C. H. Liu, B. B. Das, W. L. Sha Glassman, G. C. Tang, K. M. Yoo, H. –R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, S. S. Lubicz, R. Prudente, et al., J. Photochem. Photobio. B, 16, 187 (1992).

(30) "Near-IR Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy of Normal and Atherosclerotic Human Aorta," C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha Glassman, H. –R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, L. I. Deckelbaum, M. L. Stetz, K. O'Brien, J. Scott and R. R. Alfano, Lasers in the Life Sci., 4, 257 (1992).

(29) Recent Advances in the Uses of Light in Physics, Chemistry, Engineering and Medicine, Daniel L. Akins and Robert R. Alfano, Eds., Proceeding: The International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), Vol. 1599, 1991.

(28) "Near-IR FT Raman Spectroscopy of Human Aorta," C. H. Liu, W. L. Glassman, R. R. Alfano, H. –R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, et al., Recent Advances in the Uses of Light in Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, and Medicine, in SPIE Proceeding Vol. 1599, p. 77, 1991.

(27) "Human Breast Tissues Studied by IR Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy," R. R. Alfano, C. H. Liu, W. L. Sha, H. –R. Zhu, D. L. Akins, J. Cleary, R. Prudente and E. Cellmer, Lasers in the Life Sci., 4, 23 (1991).

(26) "Fourier Transform Raman Spectra and the Structure of Adsorbed 2,2'-Cyanine," D. L. Akins, J. W. Macklin and H. –R. Zhu, J. Phys. Chem., 95, 793 (1991).

(25) "Raman Excitation Spectra of Aggregate Modes of 2,2'-Cyanine," D. L. Akins, J. W. Macklin, L. Parker and H. –R. Zhu, Chem. Phys. Lett., 169, 564 (1990).

(24) "Surface Potential, pH, and Excitation Wavelength Effects on Raman Scattering by Cyanine Dyes," D. L. Akins, Proceedings: NOBCChE, 16, 1(1989).

(23) "Dependence of Raman Scattering by Aggregated 2,2'-Cyanine on pH and Excitation Wavelength," D. L. Akins and J. W. Macklin, J. Phys. Chem., 93, 5999 (1989).

(22) "Surface Potential Dependence of Enhanced Raman Bands of Aggregated Cyanine Dyes," D. L. Akins, C. Akpabli and X. Li, J. Phys. Chem., 93, 1977 (1989).

(21) "Excitation Wavelength Dependency of Enhanced Raman Bands of Aggregated Molecules," D. L. Akins and J. R. Lombardi, Chem. Phys. Lett., 135, 495 (1987).

(20) "Theory of Raman Scattering by Aggregated Molecules," D. L. Akins, J. Phys. Chem., 90, 1530 (1986).

(19) "Adatom Sites, Structure and Mobility Effects on the SERS of Cyanine," Ben Gu and D. L. Akins, Chem. Phys. Lett., 113, 558 (1985).

(18) "Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering by Cyanine Chloride," X. Li, Ben Gu and D. L. Akins, Chem. Phys. Lett., 105, 263 (1984).

(17) "Resonance Enhanced Raman Scattering By Aggregated 2,2'-Cyanine on Colloidal Silver," D. L. Akins, J. of Colloid and Interface Science, 90, 373 (1982).

(16) "Surface Enhanced Raman-Scattering Studies of Interfacial Piperidine at a silver-Electrolyte Interface," L. A. Sanchez, R. L. Birke, D. L. Akins and J. R. Lombardi, Jour. of the Electrochem. Soc., 129, C140 (1982).

(15) "Model for Diffusion-Limited Electrochemiluminescence," D. L. Akins and A. D. Snider, J. of Computational Chem., 2, 368 (1981).

(14) "Collisionally Induced Vibrational Relaxation of A (1B1) CF2 (0,n,0) for 1 ≤ n ≤ 6 by SF6 He, Ne, and N2," D. L. Akins, Proceedings of National Black Chemists and Chem. Engineers, 6, 35 (1979).

(13) "Vibrational Relaxation of A CF2 (v´=1-6) in Non-Reactive Collisions," D. L. Akins, D. S. King and J. C. Stephenson, Chem. Phys. Lett., 65, 257 (1979).

(12) "Transient Analysis of Electrolytically Initiated Polymerization," A. D. Snider, D. L. Akins and R. L. Birke, J. Electroanal. Chem. and Interfacial Electrochem., 79, 31 (1977).

(11) "Calculation of Transients for Some Non-Linear Diffusion Phenomena," A. D. Snider and D. L. Akins, Nonlinear Diffusion, Walker and Fitzgibbon, eds., Fearon-Pittman Pub., 1977, pp. 218-232.

(10) "Chemiluminescence and Energy Transfer in Systems of Electrogenerated Aromatic Anions and Benzyol Peroxide," T. D. Santa Cruz, D. L. Akins and R. L. Birke, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 98, 1677 (1976).

(9) "Chemiluminescence and Energy Transfer in Systems of Electrogenerated Aromatic Anions," D. L. Akins, Proceedings of National Black Chemists and Chem. Engineers, 1, (1975).

(8) "Energy Transfer in Reactions of Electrogenerated Aromatic Anions and Benzoyl Peroxide: Chemiluminescence and its Mechanism," D. L. Akins and R. L. Birke, Chem. Phys. Lett., 29, 428 (1974).

(7) "Collisional Broadening Cross-Sections of HD* (B 1∑u+) – He from Peak Absorbance Measurements," D. L. Akins, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 12, 1357 (1972).

(6) "Energy Transfer in Monochromatically-Excited Hydrogen (B 1∑u+). I. Excitation Processes, Electronic Quenching, and Vibrational Energy Transfer," E. H. Fink, D. L. Akins and C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys., 56, 900 (1972).

(5) "Rotational-Translational Energy Transfer between Individual Quantum States of HD (B 1∑u+)," D. L. Akins, E. H. Fink and C. B. Moore, J. Chem. Phys., 52, 1604 (1970).

(4) "Relative Line Intensities in the Lyman Bands of HD," E. H. Fink, D. L. Akins and C. B. Moore, Chem. Phys. Lett., 4, 283 (1969).

(3) "Pulse-to-Analog Converter for Optimizing Signal-to-Noise from Photomultipliers at Low Light Intensities," D. L. Akins, S. E. Schwartz, and C. B. Moore, Rev. Sci. Instru., 39, 715 (1968).

(2) "Rotational Energy Transfer," D. L. Akins and C. B. Moore, Bulletin of the American Phys. Soc., 11, 899 (1966).

(1) "Feasibility of Liquid-Metal Vacuum Seals," J. E. A. Johns, D. L. Akins and G. S. Pick; Final Report of the Goddard Summer Workshop Program (X-320-63-264), 1964.

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