Fall 2017. Subject to refinement/updating.
Instructor: Matthew Daus
Schedule: Wednesday 6:50 p.m. to 9:30 p.m.
Location: NAC 6/115
3 credits 3 hours/week
Matthew W. Daus, Esq. (Distinguished Lecturer.)
firstname.lastname@example.org (preferred) email@example.com (alternate)
Walk-in: Wednesday 5:30 p.m. to 6:30 p.m.
University Transportation Research Center, Marshak Hall, Suite J-910 (9th Floor)
The course will review the role transportation plays in U.S. society using a demand-supply economic perspective. Both freight and passenger movements will be considered. The first half of the course will establish transportation use and its impact on land use, energy consumption, air quality and related environmental issues. Development of basic economic models used to evaluate the impacts of transportation will be established. There will be a review of legislation and regulations as well as system funding that define how transport investment choices are made. The second half of the course will address current and evolving models involving sustainability. These will include technical solutions to reduce carbon emissions, land use/transport shifts, including transit oriented design, and information technology substitutions for transportation.
- To widen students’ vocabulary of sustainable transportation definitions, terms and concepts.
- To learn about the history of transportation in the U.S., and the relationship to and impact it has had on current transportation modes and sustainability challenges.
- To understand the interrelationship of various transportation modes and to develop opinions and perspectives on the priorities and/or importance of mode choice to assist in planning and policy decisions.
- To develop a generic understanding of the various laws, rules and regulations that develop the framework within which sustainable transportation decisions and planning must adhere and operate.
- To engage in problem solving and develop students’ own ideas for reducing emissions and sustainable transportation planning using technology and land use as policy tools and solutions.
- To develop a pragmatic viewpoint and understanding of the “real world” – where the limitations of best practices and theory meet the reality of promoting sustainable transportation – through case studies involving actual projects, policy plans and by engaging guest lecturers who have experience and work in the field of sustainable transportation.
- To hone, develop and improve analytical thinking and writing skills.
- To improve oral and written expression, including concise articulation and debate skills.
- To improve interpersonal and collaborative skills by working together on projects with other students.
Oral Presentations, Class Participation & Collaboration
Students are expected to interact with one another and their instructor, and may be assigned to work together on classroom projects, exercises and to participate in debates and dialogue. All students will be graded based upon their class participation. Students are expected to be informed, articulate, and ask thought provoking and well-reasoned questions, provide insightful commentary, and will be encouraged to formulate and propose innovative ideas and solutions. The activities described below will collectively count towards 20% of each student’s final grade:
- Term Paper & PowerPoint: Students will be asked to propose term paper topics by a date certain and to submit a final term paper on or before the dates indicated in the course description information above on this syllabus, or as otherwise set by the instructor. Term papers must be a minimum of 10 typewritten pages, with 1 inch margins, and no larger than 14 pt. type. The grading of this term paper, which is expected to be of publishable quality, as well as the preparation of a powerpoint presentation summarizing and communicating the results of said research, counts towards 40% of the student’s final grade.
- Mid-Term Examination: The mid-term examination will test knowledge of the concepts covered through all coursework and lectures up until the time of the mid-term exam, and will be primarily multiple choice questions. The mid-term exam will account for 15% of the student’s final grade.
- Final Examination: The final examination will test knowledge of the concepts and topics covered through all coursework and lectures, cumulatively, throughout the entire semester. The exam may be a combination of multiple choice, short answer questions and essays. The final exam will account for 25% of the student’s final grade.
Extra Credit Assignment Options
- Bicycle Lane and Bike Share Policy: Students will be offered extra credit to collect and analyze field data with regard to the placement and condition of NYC’s bike lane system and the bike share program, with emphasis being placed on safety concerns, resulting in the population and use of a class blog to report and tabulate conditions, observations and to make specific recommendations. http://transportationsustainability.blogspot.com/
- Popular Music & Car Culture: Find popular music songs from the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s that portrayed cars or car culture in a negative light. Recite in class and provide them to the instructor with a brief analysis.
- Shared Mobility Apps: Review the following websites and download smartphone apps, and any other relevant apps, and discuss briefly what they add to promoting sustainable transportation: Car2Go, ZipCar, Via, Lyft (Lyftline), Uber (Uberpool) and others you can find.
Students are expected to complete all assigned readings prior to the class session when they are covered. Reading assignments for each class are set forth below, and will be comprised of a combination of the assigned textbook, handouts and/or web pages/links that will be distributed or identified in advance. The course reader is:
- Textbook: An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation –Policy, Planning and Implementation (By Preston L. Schiller, Eric C. Bruun and Jeffrey R. Kenworthy), Earthscan Publishing (2010).
- Optional Additional Textbooks & Resources (Supplemental Voluntary Reading Materials):
- Planning for Shared Mobility, American Planning Association (Adam Cohen & Susan Shaheen 2016) https://www.planning.org/publications/report/9107556/
- Sustainable Transportation Planning – Tools for Creating Vibrant, Healthy and Resilient Communities (By Jeffrey Tumlin), Wiley Publishing (2012) http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470540931.html
- Steps to a Walkable Community: A Guide for Citizens, Planners and Engineers, Sam Schwartz http://samschwartz.com/steps-to-a-walkable-community/
Grades will be calculated and weighted as follows:
|Class Participation & Collaboration||20%|
Syllabus Part I - Context-Setting: Transportation and the environment, energy consumption and land use.
The first half of the course will focus on defining and understanding sustainable transportation, and will place into context the definitions and terminology of this study area. All modes of transportation and the various types of energy consumed to transport passengers and freight will be identified, and the effect of each upon the environment, including air, water and soil, global warming and solid waste will be explored. The relationship between transportation and land use, including suburban sprawl, equity issues and U.S. car culture will be debated, analyzed and digested. Finally, an overview of various laws and government regulations that govern and affect transportation sustainability, emissions reductions and other areas will be covered.
Class 1 – August 30th Course Overview & What is “Sustainable Transportation”?
- Reading and homework assignment:
- Read textbook Introduction & Overview
- Read textbook Chapter 1 – A Highly Mobile Planet and Its Challenges
- Complete student questionnaire (via email)
Class 2 - September 6th Automobiles – The Past, Present & Future
- Understanding “car culture” and its relationship to land use.
- The role of automobiles in sustainable planning.
- Car sharing and ridesharing technology.
- Autonomous vehicles.
- Connected Vehicles -- V2V (vehicle-to-vehicle), V2I (vehicle-to-infrastructure) and V2P (vehicle-to-passenger) communications will be explored and discussed.
- Reading assignments:
- Textbook Chapter 2 – Automobile Cities, the Car Culture and Alternative Possibilities
- The End of Car Culture (NY Times, Rosenthal, 6.30.13) http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/30/sunday-review/the-end-of-car-culture.html?pagewanted=all
- United States Department of Transportation; National Highway Traffic Safety Administration “Federal Automated Vehicles Policy” (September 2016)
- Scan the UTRC Connected & Autonomous Vehicle Symposium materials/site (2014) http://www.utrc2.org/events/third-symposium-connected-autonomous-vehicles-smart-city-market-alignment-roadway-6
- Cars Conversing With Cars: New Era in Safety When Autos Talk to One Another and the Road (Aaron Kessler, NY Times 8.21.14) http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/21/business/new-era-in-safety-when-cars-talk-to-one-another.html?_r=0
- US Department of Transportation Connected Vehicles (V2V Communication) Fact Sheet: http://www.its.dot.gov/factsheets/pdf/JPO-029%20V2V%20SAFETY%20V5.1%20F.pdf
- Vehicle to Vehicle Communications: Readiness of V2V Technology for Application (Harding, Powell, et al – US DOT National Highway Traffic Safety Administration): http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&ved=0CC8QFjAC&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.nhtsa.gov%2Fstaticfiles%2Frulemaking%2Fpdf%2FV2V%2FReadiness-of-V2V-Technology-for-Application-812014.pdf&ei=wYC9VJ27HIfSgwSAlYTwBA&usg=AFQjCNEsM4hAou5n7SR1ky-wxm3_khWE4w&sig2=-JQWMzDzVdCv_pgn4i2LbA
- Homework Assignment (for Extra Credit): Find popular music songs from the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s that portrayed cars or car culture in a negative light.
Class 3 -September 13th Transportation History & Modes
- Discussion of land modes, water, aviation, telecommunications, infrastructure development; the practicality of walking and bicycling
- Discussion of transportation modes – short and long distance – including walking, bicycling, motorized two- and three-wheelers, personal motor vehicles (PMVs), buses, urban rail transit, intercity rail, airplanes and ships.
- The relationship of these various modes to urban space and required infrastructure.
- Comparison of the energy efficiency of various transportation modes.
- Reading assignments:
- Textbook Chapter 3 – History of Sustainable and Unsustainable Transportation: from Walking to Wheels and back to Walking
- Textbook Chapter 4 – Modes, Roads and Routes: Technologies, Infrastructure, Functions and Interrelatedness
NO CLASS – September 20th
Class 4 – September 27th For-Hire Ground Transportation Regulatory Paradigm Shifts - Equity, Accessibility & Paratransit Reform
- An overview of the history and structure of the for-hire ground transportation system and framework, both locally and nationally, will be discussed as background information necessary to understand the smartphone technology disruption movement.
- Students will endeavor to understand the business models, licensing and regulatory requirements and distinctions between various sub-modes of for-hire transportation and technology developments for limousines, liveries, black cars, taxicabs, paratransit vehicles, commuter vans/share ride shuttles.
- Students will learn about various stakeholder groups and organizations, as well as about airport ground transportation regulation, deregulation, medallion systems, closed vs. open markets, and major regulatory issues.
- Reading Assignments:
- NYC TLC Factbook (2013): http://www.nyc.gov/html/tlc/downloads/pdf/2014_taxicab_fact_book.pdf
- Taxi ’07: Roads Forward (Design Trust for Public Space/TLC 2007): pp.15-69 http://www.designtrust.org/publications/taxi-07-roads-forward/
- To Cap or Not to Cap? NYC For-Hire Vehicles (Daus, Hom) http://www.windelsmarx.com/resources/documents/Matt%20Daus%20-%20Monthly%20Column%20-%20August%20(11113081).pdf
- The Expanding Transportation Network Company Equity Gap (Daus 2016, UTRC, NYU Law School, Cornell): http://www.whosdrivingyou.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Equity-Report-FINAL-11232642.pdf
- Accessible Transportation Reform: Transforming the Public Paratransit and Private For-Hire Ground Transportation Systems, The Transportation Lawyer (Oct. 2015), Daus, Mischel (handout).
- Review MTA website pages on sustainability program: http://www.mta.info/sustainability/
- IATR Model Regulations for Wheelchair Accessibility http://www.windelsmarx.com/resources/documents/IATR%20Accessibility%20Model%20Regs%2012.11.15%20(11157211).pdf
Class 5 – October 4th Shared Mobility - Ride Sharing, Ride Sourcing, Bike Sharing & Car Sharing Technology
- An exploration of the sharing economy trend, shared ride services or shuttles, and car sharing technologies.
- Reading Assignments:
- Planning For Shared Mobility – handout (By Adam Cohen & Susan Shaheen), American Planning Association (pp. 4-20; pp. 50-51).
- NYC TLC’s Taxicab Group Ride Pilot Program http://www.nyc.gov/html/tlc/downloads/pdf/info_presentation_group_rides_05_19_11.pdf
- Ridesharing Apps: Illegal “Hitchhiking-for-Hire” or Sustainable Group Riding (Daus) http://www.windelsmarx.com/resources/documents/Ridesharing%20%20Report.pdf
- Car Sharing Services Grow, and Expand Options (Steinberg, Vlasic, NY Times 1.25.13) http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/26/business/car-sharing-services-grow-and-expand-options.html
- Data Show's a City's Car Sharing May Be Working, but Doubts Persist (NY Times, Flegenheimer 9.2.12) http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/03/nyregion/car-sharing-gamble-in-hoboken-has-mixed-reactions.html
- Calling Shotgun: Ride-Share Services (Seth Kugel; Frugal Traveler NY Times 9/22/13) http://travel.nytimes.com/2013/09/22/travel/taking-ride-share-services-for-a-spin.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
- Baby, You Can Drive (Or Ride In) My Car, Wall Street Journal (Nov. 12. 2013) http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304644104579193942386419678
- Share a Car, Risk Your Insurance (NY Times, Business, Lieber 3/17/12) http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/17/your-money/auto-insurance/enthusiastic-about-car-sharing -your-insurer-isnt.html?pagewanted=all
- Santa Monica – A City’s Bet on Plug-In Cars (NY Times 9.21.13) http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/21/business/santa-monica-bets-on-electric-cars-but-consumers-are-slow-to-switch.html?pagewanted=1&_r=0
- Street Smart: The Rise of Cities, and the Fall of Cars - Handout (By Gridlock Sam Schwartz), Chapter 3 – “The Millennials”, pp. 65-88.
- Homework Assignment (for Extra Credit): Review the websites and download smartphone apps for review and discussion: Car2Go, ZipCar, Via, Lyft (Lyftline), Uber (Uberpool) and other brands you can find.
Class 6 – October 11th - Shared Mobility (continued)
- Additional Reading Materials:
- CUNY /UTRC Report on “Leveling the Playing Field” Between TNCs and Taxicabs/For-Hire Vehicles. I recently completed a comprehensive report entitled: “Post-TNC Transportation Policy & Planning: Who and What Should be Regulated & How to “Level the Playing Field” with Taxicabs and For-Hire Services?” (“Leveling the Playing Field Article”), (September 2016), through the University Transportation Research Center (Region 2) at The City College of NY, of the City University of NY, which is available on the University Transportation Research Center website at: http://www.utrc2.org/sites/default/files/Final-Post-TNC-Planning-Leveling-the-Playing-Field.pdf. A condensed version was recently published by the American Planning Association as a sidebar in Planning for Shared Mobility, at: https://www.planning.org/publications/book/9107556/. An edited version of this white paper is also scheduled for re-publication in the November-December 2016 edition of the Municipal Lawyer of the International Municipal Lawyers Association.
Class 7 - October 18th - Environmental Laws and Regulations; Climate Change & Alternative Fueled Vehicles
- Overview of National environmental laws and local compliance
- NEPA, the Clean Air Act, EPCA, FIPs, SIPs, SEQRA and CEQRA
- Case studies on Second Avenue Subway and Hybrid Taxicabs
- Discussion of alternative fueled vehicles; PlaNYC taxicab initiative; C-40; Taxi of Tomorrow.
- Reading assignments:
- Environmental Law & Compliance Methods, By Edward Shea, Esq. - handouts
- Chapter III –National Environmental Policy Act (pp. 9-15)
- Chapter IV – The Clean Air Act (pp. 27-36; pp. 47-54)
- NYC Taxi & Limousine Commission Medallion Sale Draft EIS (Fall 2013)
- Review Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement: http://web.mta.info/capital/sas_docs/feis.htm
- Review C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group Website: http://www.c40cities.org/
- Growing Clamor About Inequities of Climate Crisis (NY Times 11.17.13) http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/17/world/growing-clamor-about-inequities-of-climate-crisis.html?_r=0
- PlaNYC Transportation Plan (pg 86) http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc/downloads/pdf/publications/planyc_2011_planyc_full_report.pdf
- PlaNYC Transportation Plan Progress Report (pp 17 and 71) http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc2030/downloads/pdf/140422_PlaNYCP-Report_FINAL_Web.pdf
- NYC Mayor deBlasio’s #OneNYC plan https://onenyc.cityofnewyork.us/plan/
- MOVE NY Plan (a/k/a Sam Schwartz Plan): http://iheartmoveny.org/
Class 8 - October 25th MID-TERM EXAMINATION
Syllabus Part II – Sustainability Solutions: Utilizing mode technology, demand, land use and information technology to promote and enhance sustainability.
The second half of the course will put the theory and knowledge acquired to pragmatic use by attempting to address transportation sustainability challenges and solve real problems and issues. The sustainability solution tools will be identified, analyzed, discussed and applied – including: technological innovations to automobiles and other freight and passenger carriers (clean energy applications and alternative fuel vehicles such as electric cars, hydrogen fuel cells and compressed natural gas); reducing passenger demand (by mechanisms such as congestion pricing, tolls, etc..); land use planning; and information technology (Global Position Systems and other advances). Real examples of sustainable initiatives will be reviewed and discussed – including lessons learned as to why certain initiatives were successful and why others failed. Guest speakers who worked on sustainability initiatives will answer questions and provide their insight, and address the most pressing obstacles of funding and economics. Also, innovative economic and entrepreneurial approaches to promoting sustainable transportation as a supplement or solution to government funding issues and subsidies will be explored with guest speaker(s) who advance both business and environmental agendas simultaneously. Then, hypothetical situations, exercises and case studies will be assigned to apply what was learned from New York City sustainability initiatives to solving problems in other contexts and cities.
Class 9 – November 1ST Sustainable Transportation Planning, Policy-Making and Leadership
- Sustainable transportation initiatives in NYC – historical origins, mobility management and the transformation of streets and public space.
- Exploration of leadership and policy-making approaches.
- Discussion on the role of public participation in sustainable policy-making.
- Understanding mobility management and NYC DOT initiatives.
- The NYC Bike Share program (Citi Bike) and the Bike Lane programs/network will be discussed, and analyzed, as well as pedicabs and freight delivery innovations.
- Reading Materials:
- NYC DOT’s Sustainable Streets Plan and 2009 Progress Report http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/ss09_update_lowres.pdf (a 2013 progress report is also available here http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/2013-dot-sustainable-streets-lowres.pdf)
- Textbook Chapter 7 – Public Policy &Effective Citizen Participation: Leadership, Deliberation, Back-Casting, Scenarios, Visualization & Visioning
- Street Fight – handout/excerpt (By Janette Sadik-Khan and Seth Solomonow) – Battle for a New Times Square, Chapter 6 (pp. 91-107).
- New York Traffic Experiment Gets Permanent Run, By Michael Grynbaum, New York Times (Feb. 11. 2010) http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/12/nyregion/12broadway.html
- NYC DOT’s Broadway Projects: http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/about/broadway.shtml#greenlight
- NYC DOT’s Green Light for Midtown Evaluation Report: http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/broadway_report_final2010_web2.pdf
- Website Review: NYC DOT Website http://a841-tfpweb.nyc.gov/bikeshare/; http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/html/bicyclists/bikemain.shtml#currentproj
Class 10 - November 8th - Sustainable Transportation Planning, Policy-Making and Leadership (continued) -
- Reading Assignments:
- Textbook Chapter 8 – A New Planning Paradigm: From Integrated Planning, Policy and Mobility Management to Repair, Regeneration and Renewal
- Textbook Chapter 9 – Exemplars of Sustainable Transportation: Walking the Talk in Vancouver, Portland, Boulder, Freiburg, Seoul and Surubaya
- Download: A Stronger More Resilient New York, Suggest reading Preface, Introduction, and Chapter 10 (pp 173-188) http://www1.nyc.gov/site/sirr/report/report.page
- Download: Surface Transportation System Resilience to Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events. TRB E-Circular 204. February, 2016. Suggest looking at Climate Resilience in North America and Europe. (pdf, pp 15-18) http://www.trb.org/main/blurbs/174026.aspx; http://network.wsp-pb.com/pdf/issues/5/network_issue_77_water.pdf
Class 11 - November 15th - NYC’s Bike Share & Lane Program vs. Personal Motor Vehicles (Peaceful Co-Existence)?
- Reading Assignments:
- NYC Comptroller Audits Citibike http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/exclusive-city-auditing-citi-bike-program-article-1.1947948
- Urban Bikeway Design Guide (American Society of Landscape Architects 2014) http://dirt.asla.org/2014/08/21/guiding-the-way-for-bike-lanes-and-much-more/
- De Blasio Deal Could Give Bike Sharing A New Imprint, NY Times (7.28.14), Matt Flegenheimer http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/28/nyregion/deal-is-said-to-be-near-to-expand-bike-sharing-in-new-york.html?_r=0
- Additional optional reading material:
- Manhattan Borough President’s Report (link TBA)
- Website Review:
- American Automobile Association http://www.ny.aaa.com/?zip=11209&devicecd=PC&referer=www.aaa.com
- Bike New York www.bikenewyork.org
- Transportation Alternatives www.transalt.org
- Bike Share & Bike Lane Blog Class Project (for Extra Credit): Students to make blog updates at http://ccnybybike.blogspot.com/ and to submit to instructor.
Class 12 -November 22ND - Transportation Freight & Logistics
- The topic of government subsidies vs. de-subsidization will be debated.
- Overview of freight movement, its various modes, supply chains, logistical systems, and necessary infrastructure (including trains, trucks, airplanes and ships).
- Sustainability challenges caused by globalized trade and freight transport, and the underlying economics creating these challenges.
- Reading & Reading Assignments:
- Textbook Chapter 5 - Moving Freight, Logistics and Supply Chains in a More Sustainable Direction
Class 13 – November 29th - Student Term Presentations (Term Paper Powerpoints)
Class 14 – December 6th Student Term Presentations (Term Paper Powerpoints) - continued
December 13th – Final Examination (Term Papers Due)