# General Syllabus Physics 45200

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS
General Syllabus
Physics 45200
Optics

Designation:
(required for all Physics majors, except those in the Biomedical Option) Undergraduate

Catalog description:
Dispersion, reflection and refraction, interference, diffraction, coherence, geometrical optics, interaction of light with matter.
3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.

Prerequisites:
Prereq.: Physics 35400, or similar engineering courses; pre- or coreq.: Math 39200
Textbook and other suggested material:
Hecht, Optics (4th ed. or latest) (required) ISBN 0-8053-8566-5, Addison Wesley

Course Objectives:
After successfully completing this course, students should be able to:
1. solve problems involving the propagation of light including reflection, refraction, scattering, optical properties of materials, and the Stokes parameters;
2. solve problems involving polarization including polarizers, dichroism, birefringeance, retarders and optical modulators;
3. solve problems involving interfereometers and single or multilayer films;
4. solve problems involving Frauenhofer and Fresnel diffraction and Kirchoff’s scalar diffraction theory;
5. understand the basics of Fourier optics;
6. understand the basics of coherence theory;
7. understand the operation of lasers and their application to imagery, holography and nonlinear optics.

Topics Covered:
Topic 1: Vector analysis
Overview of optics
Basic equations
Topic 2: Electromagnetic waves and pulses
Spectrum – color – x-ray to THz
E & M pulse shapes and relationships
Key equations in optics
Maxwell equations
Wave equations, paraxial approximation
Spectral width and pulse duration relation for
different pulse shapes:
Rect. Gaussian, exp.
Dispersion curves ω(k) and n (λ)
Group and phase velocity
Self-phase modulation
Topic 3: Poynting vector, S
E, B, k, S relationship
Polarization states
Algebra and matrix forms of polarized E & M waves
Jones matrix for optical elements and beams
Optical vortex beam
Topic 4: Reflection from dielectric for polarized beam
Fresnel equations amplitude and phase
Phase and amplitude vs. angle of incidence
Multi-beam reflection
Etalons, time delay
Topic 5: Coherence (space and temporal)
Topic 6: Interference
Topic 7: Diffraction
Fraunhofer
Fresnel
Topic 8: Crystal optics (e and 0 waves)
.
Class schedule:
3 HR./WK.; 3 CR.
Relationship of course to program outcomes:
The outcomes of this course contribute to the following departmental learning outcomes:
a. students will be able to synthesize and apply their knowledge of physics and mathematics to solve physics-related problems in a broad range of fields in classical and modern physics, including mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermodynamics and statistical physics, optics, quantum mechanics, and experimental physics.
c. students will be able to communicate their knowledge effectively and in a professional manner, in both oral and written forms.
Assessment Tools
1. Homework assignments
2. Results of Midterm Exam
3. Results of TestLab reports (if applicable)
4. Results of Final Exam
Person who prepared this description and date of preparation:
R Alfano
Modified by
J. Gersten