Publications 2000 -2005

2000

  1. Analytical Solution of the Polarized Photon Transport Equation in an Infinite Uniform Medium using Cumulant Expansion, W. Cai, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 63, 016606, 10 pp. (2000).

  2. Brain Perfusion Monitoring with Frequency-domain and Continuous-wave Near-infrared Spectroscopy: a Cross-correlation Study in Newborn Piglets, G. Zhang, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, A. D. Kofinas, D. A. Kofinas, P. G. Stubblefield, W. Rosenfeld, D. Beyer, D. Maulik, M. R. Stankovic, Phys. Med. Biol. 45, 3143-3158 (2000)

  3. Continuous-wave and Passively Mode-locked Operation of a Cunyite (Cr4+:Ca2GeO4) Laser, Bing Xu, Jonathan M. Evans, Vladimir Petricevic, S. P. Guo, O. Maksimov, Maria C. Tamargo, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 39, 4975-4978 (2000).

  4. Detection of Corrosion beneath a Paint Layer by Use of Spectral Polarization Optical Imaging, J. H. Ali, W. B. Wang, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 25, 1303-1305 (2000).

  5. Laser Irradiative Tissue Probed In Situ by Collagen 380-nm Fluorescence Imaging, Jing Tang, F. Zeng, H. Savage, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Laser. Surg. Med. 27, 158-164 (2000).

  6. Intracerebral Hemodynamics probed by Near Infrared Spectroscopy in the Transition between Wakefulness and Sleep, Arthur J. Spielman, G. Zhang, C.-M. Yang, P. D’Ambrosio, S. Serizawa, M. Nagata, H. von Gizycki, R. R. Alfano, Brain Research 866, 313-325 (2000).

  7. Nondestructive Evaluation of Incipient Corrosion in a Metal Beneath Paint by Second-Harmonic Tomography, J. Ying, F. Liu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 25, 1189-1191 (2000).

  8. A Comparison of Cunyite and Forsterite NIR Tunable Laser Tissue Welding using Native Collagen Fluorescence Imaging, Jing Tang, F. Zeng, J. M. Evans, B. Xu, H. Savage, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, J.  Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 18, 117-123 (2000).

  9. Deep Subsurface Imaging in Tissues using Spectral and Polarization Filtering, S. G. Demos, H. B. Radousky, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Exp. 7, 23-28 (2000).

  10. Sol-Gel Syntheses and Spectroscopic Characterization of Chromium-Doped Silicates and Germanates, P. Sujatha Devi, H. D. Gafney, V. Petricevic, R. R. Alfano, D. He, K. E. Miyano, Chem. Mater. 12, 1378-1385 (2000).

  11. Flux Growth and Characterization of Cr4+:Ca2GeO4 Crystals as a new Near Infrared Tunable Laser Material, A. Bykov, V. Petricevic, J. Steiner, Di Yao, L. L. Isaacs, M. R. Kokta, R. R. Alfano, J. Cryst. Growth 211, 295-301 (2000).

  12. Analytical Solution of the Elastic Boltzmann Transport Equation in an Infinite Uniform Medium using Cumulant Expansion, W. Cai, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 3996-4000 (2000).

  13. Cumulant Solution of the Elastic Boltzmann Transport Equation in an Infinite Uniform Medium, W. Cai, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 61, 3871-3876 (2000).

  14. Fluorescence Spectroscopic Imaging to Detect Changes in Collagen and Elastin following Laser Tissue Welding, J. Tang, F. Zeng, H. Savage, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, J.  Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 18, 3-8 (2000).

  15. Effect of Scattering on Nonlinear Optical Scanning Microscopy Imaging of Highly Scattering Media, J. Ying, F. Liu, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 39, 509-514 (2000).

2001

  1. Parotid Gland Tissues Investigated by Picosecond Time-Gated and Optical Spectroscopic Imaging Techniques, S. K. Gayen, M. Alrubaiee, H. E. Savage, S. P. Schantz, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 906-911 (2001).

  2. UV Reflectance Spectroscopy Probes DNA and Protein Changes in Human Breast Tissues, Yuanlong Yang, E. J. Celmer, J. A. Koutcher, R. R. Alfano, J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 19, 35-39 (2001)

  3. Photon-transport forward Model for Imaging in Turbid Media, M. Xu, W. Cai, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 26, 1066-1068 (2001).

  4. Near-Infrared Photo-Excited Emission from Tissues treated at Different Temperature Levels, J. Tang, G. Zhang, F. Zeng, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Laser. Surg. Med. 29, 18-22 (2001).

  5. Time-resolved Fourier Optical Diffuse Tomography, M. Xu, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1535-1542 (2001).

  6. Carrier Screening Effects in Photoluminescence Spectra of InGaAsP/InP Multiple Quantum Well Photovoltaic Structures, O. Y. Raisky, W. B. Wang, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Reynolds, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 430-432 (2001).

2002

  1. Optical Properties of Cunyite (Cr4+:Ca2GeO4) Crystals Co-doped with Er3+ Ions, M. Yu. Sharonov, S. Owen, A. B. Bykov, W. B. Wang, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 209, 209-216 (2002).

  2. Backilluminated GaN/ALGaN Heterojunction Ultraviolet Photodetector with High Internal Gain, S. K. Zhang, W. B. Wang, I. Shtau, F. Yun, L. He, H. Morkoc, X. Zhou, M. Tamargo, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4862-4864 (2002).

  3. Backilluminated Ultraviolet Photodetector based on GaN/AlGaN Multiple Quantum Wells, S. K. Zhang, W. B. Wang, F. Yun, L. He, H. Morkoc, X. Zhou, M. Tamargo, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4628-4630 (2002).

  4. Photon Migration in Turbid Media Using a Cumulant Approximation to Radiative Transfer, M. Xu, W. Cai, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E, 65, 066609, 10 pp. (2002).

  5. DNA and Protein Changes Caused by Disease in Human Breast Tissues Probed by the Kubelka-Munk Spectral Function, Yuanlong Yang, Edward J. Celmer, Jason A. Koutcher, R. R. Alfano, Photochem. Photobiol. 75, 627-632 (2002).

  6. Diffusion Coefficient Depends on Time, not on Absorption, W. Cai, M. Xu, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 27, 731-733 (2002).

  7. Intensity-dependent Temporal Laser Pulse Shaping and Propagation in ZnSe, Yingxin Bai, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 202, 199-204 (2002).

  8. Noninvasive Native Fluorescence Imaging of Head and Neck Tumors, A. Katz, H. E. Savage, S. P. Schantz, S. A. McCormick, R. R. Alfano, Tech. Cancer Res. Treat. 1, 9-15 (2002).

2003

  1. Spectral Analysis to Detect Benign and Invasive Malignant Tumors in Breast Biopsy Specimens using Excitation Spectroscopy, Y. Yang, E. J. Celmer, J. A. Koutcher, R. R. Alfano, Laser. Life Sci. 10, 1-13 (2003).

  2. Bacteria Size Determination by Elastic Light Scattering, A. Katz, A. Alimova, M. Xu, E. Rudolph, Mahendra K. Shah, H. E. Savage, R. B. Rosen, S. A. McCormick, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 277-287 (2003).

  3. Free-Space Ballistic Laser Propagation of a Pulse Coded Data Stream Through Fog, X. Ni, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 42, 6980-6983 (2003).

  4. More on Patterns in Mie Scattering, M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 226, 1-5 (2003).

  5. Coherence Properties of the Supercontinuum Source, I. Zeylikovich, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. B 77, 265-268 (2003).

  6. Aorta and Skin Tissues Welded by Near-Infrared Cr4+:YAG Laser, T. K. Gayen, A. Katz, H. E. Savage, S. A. McCormick, M. Al-Rubaiee, Y. Budansky, J. Lee, R. R. Alfano, J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 21, 259-269 (2003).

  7. GaN/AlGaN Back-illuminated Multiple-quantum-well Schottky Barrier Ultraviolet Photodetectors, A. Teke, S. Dogan, F. Yun, M. A. Reshchikov, H. Le, X. Q. Liu, H. Morkoç, S. K. Zhang, W. B. Wang, R. R. Alfano, Solid State Electron. 47, 1401-1408 (2003).

  8. p-GaN-I-GaN/AlGaN Multiple-Quantum Well n-AlGaN Back-illuminated Ultraviolet Detectors, A. Teke, S. Dogan, L. He, D. Huang, F. Yun, M. Mikkelson, H. Morkoc, S. K. Zhang, W. B. Wang, R. R. Alfano, J. Electron. Mater. 32, 307-311 (2003).

  9. Native Fluorescence and Excitation Spectroscopic Changes in Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus Bacteria Subjected to Conditions of Starvation, A. Alimova, A. Katz, H. E. Savage, M. Shah, G. Minko, D. V. Will, R. B. Rosen, S. A. McCormick, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 42, 4080-4087 (2003).

  10. Probing Dielectric Relaxation Properties of Liquid CS2 with Terahertz Time-domain Spectroscopy, B. L. Yu, F. Zeng, Q. Xing, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4633-4635 (2003).

  11. Spectral Polarization Imaging of Human Rectum-Membrane-Prostate Tissues, W. B. Wang, J. H. Ali, R. R. Alfano, Fellow, J. H. Vitenson, J. M. Lombardo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 288-293 (2003).

  12. Three-Dimensional Radiative Transfer Tomography for Turbid Media, W. Cai, M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 189-198 (2003).

  13. Stokes Shift Emission Spectroscopy of Human Tissue and Key Biomolecules, R. R. Alfano, Fellow, IEEE, Y. Yang, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 148-153 (2003).

  14. Detection of Glutamate in the Eye by Raman Spectroscopy, A. Katz, E. F. Kruger, G. Minko, C. H. Liu, R. B. Rosen, R. R. Alfano, J. Biomed. Opt. 8, 167-172 (2003).

  15. Time-resolved Polarization to Extract Coded Information from early Ballistic and Snake Signals through Turbid Media, Xiaohui Ni, Qirong Xing, Wei Cai, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 28, 343-345 (2003).

  16. Anomalous Diffraction of Light with Geometrical Path Statistics of Rays and a Gaussian Ray Approximation, M. Xu, M. Lax, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 28, 179-181 (2003).

  17. Crystal Growth and Optical Properties of Cr4+:Li2TiGeO5, M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044-1047 (2003).

  18. Femtosecond Optical Kerr Shutter using Lead-Bismuth-Gallium Oxide Glass, B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407-411 (2003).

  19. Mid-IR Transmission Window for Corrosion Detection Beneath Paint, I. Zeylikovich, W. Wang, F. Zeng, J. Ali, B. L. Yu, V. Benischek, R. R. Alfano, Elect. Lett. 39, 39-40 (2003).

2004

  1. The Fluorescence of Thyroid Tissue, M. J. Pitman, J. M. Rosenthal, H. E. Savage, G. Yu, S. A. McCormick, A. Katz, R. R. Alfano, S. P. Schantz, Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 131, 623-627 (2004).

  2. Time-resolved Backscattering of Circularly and Linearly Polarized Light in a Turbid Medium, X. Ni, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 29, 2773-2775 (2004).

  3. Unusual Transient Photocapacitance in GaN/AlGaN Multi-quantum Wells, S. K. Zhang, W. B. Wang, R. R. Alfano, H. Morkoc, Superlattice. Microst. 35, 77-84 (2004).

  4. Polarization Influence of Excited State Absorption on the Performance of Cr4+:YAG Laser, V. Kartazaev, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 242, 605-611 (2004).

  5. Free-Space Supercontinuum Coherence Data Packets Multiplexing and Demultiplexing for Ultrafast Laser Communication, I. Zeylikovich, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1233-1237 (2004).

  6. Fresnel Diffraction Supercontinuum Generation, X. Ni, C. Wang, X. Liang, M. Al-Rubaiee, R. R. Alfano, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1229-1232 (2004).

  7. NIR Laser Tissue Welding of In Vitro Porcine Cornea and Sclera Tissue, H. E. Savage, R. K. Halder, U. Kartazayeu, R. B. Rosen, T. Gayen, S. A. McCormick, N. S. Patel, A. Katz, H. D. Perry, M. Paul, R. R. Alfano, Laser. Surg. Med. 35, 293-303 (2004). 

  8. Near Infrared Spectroscopy and Imaging to Probe Differences in Water Content in Normal and Cancer Human Prostate Tissues, J. H. Ali, W. B. Wang, M. Zevallos, R. R. Alfano, Optical Spectroscopy, Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 491-497 (2004).

  9. Virus Particles Monitored by Fluorescence Spectroscopy:  A Potential Detection Assay for Macromolecular Assembly, A. Alimova, A. Katz, R. Podder, G. Minko, H. Wei, R. R. Alfano, P. Gottlieb, Photochem. Photobiol. 80, 41-46 (2004).

  10. Detection of Corrosion and Cracking beneath Paint using Photonic Techniques, J. H. Ali, W. B. Wang, R. R. Alfano, M. K. Kassir, Theor. Appl. Fract. Mec. 41, 1-7 (2004).

  11. Torsional Vibrational Modes of Tryptophan Studied by Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy, B. Yu, F. Zeng, Y. Yang, Q. Xing, A. Chechin, X. Xin, I. Zeylikovich, R. R. Alfano, Biophys. J. 86, 1649-1654 (2004).

  12. Cr4+-doped Li2CaSiO4 crystal: Growth and Spectroscopic Properties, M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Commun. 231, 273-280 (2004).

  13. Multiple Passages of Light Through an Absorption Inhomogeneity in Optical Imaging of Turbid Media, M. Xu, W. Cai, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 29, 1757-1759 (2004).

2005

  1. Spectral, Temporal, and Coherence Properties of Supercontinuum Generation in Microstructure Fiber, I. Zeylikovich, V. Kartazaev, and R. R. Alfano, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1453-1460 (2005).

  2. Time-Resolved Ring Structure of Circularly Polarized Beams Backscattered from Forward Scattering Media, K. G. Phillips, M. Xu, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Exp. 13, 7954-7969 (2005).

  3. Circular Polarization Memory of Light, M. Xu and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 72, 065601(R), 4 pp. (2005).

  4. Random Walk of Polarized Light in Turbid Media, M. Xu and R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213901, 4 pp. (2005).

  5. Avalanche Breakdown and Breakdown Luminescence of AlGaN Multiquantum Wells, S. K. Zhang, W. B. Wang, A. M. Dabiran, A. Osinsky, A. M. Wowchak, B. Hertog, C. Plaut, P. P. Chow, S. Gundry, E. O. Troudt, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 262113, 3 pp. (2005).

  6. Fractal Mechanisms of Light Scattering in Biological Tissue and Cells, M. Xu and R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 30, 3051-3053 (2005). 

  7. Optical Imaging of Turbid Media Using Independent Component Analysis: Theory and Simulation, M. Xu, M. Alrubaiee, S. K. Gayen, and R. R. Alfano, J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 051705, 12 pp. (2005).

  8. Three-Dimensional Optical Tomographic Imaging of Scattering Objects in Tissue-Simulating Turbid Media Using Independent Component Analysis, M. Alrubaiee, M. Xu, S. K. Gayen, M. Brito, and R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 191112, 3 pp. (2005).

  9. Terahertz Studies of the Dielectric Response and Second-Order Phonons in a GaSe Crystal, B. L. Yu, F. Zeng, V. Kartazayev, R. R. Alfano, and Krishna C. Mandal, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 182104, 3 pp. (2005).

  10. Virus Particles and Receptor Interaction Monitored by Fluorescence Spectroscopy, A. Alimova, A. Katz, R. Podder, G. Minko, H. Wei, J. Berriman, R. R. Alfano, P. Gottlieb, Photochem. Photobiol. 81, 879-883 (2005).

  11. Spectroscopy of Chromium Centers in LiScGeO4 and LiInGeO4 Single Crystals, M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, P. Rojas, V. Petricevic, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. B 72, 115111, 10 pp. (2005).

  12. Lasers in Cancer Detection and Diagnosis Research: Enabling Characteristics with Illustrative Examples, S. Alfano, W. B. Wang, S. K. Gayen, Tech. Cancer Res. Treat. 4, 663-673 (2005).

  13. Spectral and Temporal Near-Infrared Imaging of Ex Vivo Cancerous and Normal Human Breast Tissues, M. Alrubaiee, S. K. Gayen, R.R. Alfano, and J. A. Koutcher, Tech. Cancer Res. Treat. 4, 457-469 (2005).

  14. Spectral Polarization Imaging of Human Prostate Cancer Tissue Using a Near-infrared Receptor-targeted Contrast Agent, Y. Pu, W.B. Wang, G. C. Tang, F. Zeng, S. Achilefu, J. H. Vitenson, I. Sawczuk, S. Peters, J. M. Lombardo, R. R. Alfano, Tech. Cancer Res. Treat. 4, 429-436 (2005).

  15. Spectroscopy and Carrier Dynamics in CdSe Self-assembled Quantum Dots Embedded in ZnxCdyMg1-x-ySe, G. Comanescu, W. B. Wang, S. Gundry, B. Das, R. R. Alfano, M. N. Perez-Pas, M. C. Tamargo, M. Munoz, I. Popov, L. L. Isaacs, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 253113, 3 pp. (2005).

  16. Native Fluorescence Changes Induced by Bactericidal Agents, A. Alimova, A. Katz, M. Siddique, G. Minko, H. E. Savage, M. K. Shah, R. B. Rosen, R. R. Alfano, Fellow, IEEE, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 704-711 (2005).

  17. Wireless Spectroscopic Compact Photonic Explorer for Diagnostic Optical Imaging, L. Wang, G. Zhang, J. C. Luo, F. Zeng, Q. Z. Wang, S. A. Alfano, A. Katz, M. Zevallos, R. R. Alfano, Biomed. Microdevices 7, 111-115 (2005).

  18. Comment on “Observation of Optical Precursors in Water,” R. R. Alfano, J. L. Birman, X. Ni, M. Alrubaiee, B. B. Das, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 239401, 1 pp. (2005).

  19. Analytical Form of Particle Distribution based on the Cumulant Solution of the Elastic Boltzmann Transport Equation, W. Cai, M. Xu, R. R. Alfano, Phys. Rev. E 71, 041202, 10 pp. (2005).

  20. Backscattering Target Detection in a Turbid Medium by use of Circularly and Linearly Polarized Light, S. A. Kartazayeva, Xiaohui Ni, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 30, 1168-1170 (2005).

  21. Near-Infrared Laser Operation of Cr3+ Centers in Chromium-doped LiInGeO4 and LiScGeO4 Crystals, M. Sharonov, V. Petricevic, A. Bykov, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 30, 851-853 (2005).

  22. Three-dimensional Localization and Optical Imaging of Objects in Turbid Media with Independent Component Analysis, M. Xu, M. Alrubaiee, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Opt. 44, 1889-1897 (2005).

  23. Reorientation of the H20 Cage Studied by Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy, B. L. Yu, Y. Yang, F. Zeng, X. Xin, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 061912, 3 pp. (2005).

  24. Time-gated Backscattered Ballistic Light Imaging of Objects in Turbid Water, M. E. Zevallos, S. K. Gayen, M. Alrubaiee, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 011115, 3 pp. (2005).

  25. Flux Growth and Optical Characterization of Cr-doped LiInGeO4, A. B. Bykov, V. Petricevic, M. Yu. Sharonov, J. Steiner, L. L. Isaacs, T. Avrahami, R. DiBlasi, S. Sengupta, R. R. Alfano, J. Cryst. Growth 274, 149-155 (2005).

  26. In Situ Determination of Refractive Index and Size of Bacillus Spores by Light Transmission, A. Katz, A. Alimova, M. Xu, Paul Gottlieb, Elizabeth Rudolph, J. C. Steiner, R. R. Alfano, Opt. Lett. 30, 589-591 (2005).

  27. Direct Observation of Coherent Rotational Excitation, Dephasing and Depopulation of Methanol and its Isotopes Using THz Pulse Radiation, B. L. Yu, Y. Yang, F. Zeng, X. Xin, R. R. Alfano, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101108, 3 pp. (2005).