Federal student aid is awarded with the expectation that you will attend school for the entire period for which your financial aid was awarded. To establish eligibility for any federal financial aid payments, you must complete the college's registration and bill payment process and begin attending your classes. It is strongly recommended that you consult with the Financial Aid Office if you drop or withdraw from classes. If you receive a financial aid payment for a class or classes you have never attended, you must return that payment immediately to the college.
Once you start attending classes, the federal government requires that you "earn" your financial aid awards in direct proportion to the number of days in the semester that you do attend. If you completely withdraw from school before completing the term, the school must calculate according to a federally approved formula the portion of financial aid you have earned and are therefore entitled to receive up to the time you withdrew.
If you receive (or the college receives on your behalf) more aid than you earn, the unearned funds must be returned to the Department of Education. If, on the other hand, you receive (or the college receives on your behalf) less aid than the amount you have earned, you may be able to receive these additional funds.
The portion of your federal grants and loans you are entitled to receive is calculated on a percentage basis by comparing the total number of calendar days in the semester to the actual number of days you attended before you withdrew.
For example, if you complete 25% of the semester, you earn 25% of the assistance you were originally scheduled to receive. Seventy five percent of your scheduled awards remain unearned and must be returned to the federal government.
Once you have completed more than 60% of the semester, you have "earned" and are entitled to receive 100% (all) of your assistance. [Note: Most federal financial aid is disbursed earlier than the 100% earned date.]
If you have received your financial aid payments but then withdraw from the college (either officially or unofficially) before completing 60% of the semester, you will have to repay the unearned portion of your awards.
Your withdrawal date is determined by the college as either (1) the date you began the college’s withdrawal process or the date you officially notified the Registrar of your intent to withdraw; (2) the midpoint of the semester (if you withdraw without notifying the college); or (3) your last date of attendance at an academically-related activity as documented by the college.
If you receive excess funds that must be returned to the government, the college shares with you the responsibility of returning those excess funds. The college’s portion of the excess funds to be returned equals the lesser of (a) the entire amount of the excess funds, or (b) your total tuition and fee charges multiplied by the percentage of unearned funds.
You will be required to repay to the college any grant funds the college had to return to the Department of Education on your behalf. In such cases, you will be billed by the college and have to make payment arrangements with the Bursar.
In addition, you may also have to repay some of the excess grant funds you received directly to the Department of Education. Since any Direct Loan funds you received must be repaid according to the terms of the promissory note, you would not be required to return the excess loan funds you received until your loans go into repayment.
Any award money you are required to return to the federal government is considered a federal grant overpayment. You must either repay that amount in full or make satisfactory arrangements with either the college or the Department of Education to repay the amount. You must complete these arrangements within 45 days of the date of the college’s notifying you of your overpayment status or you risk losing your eligibility for further federal financial assistance.
After it has been determined that you have withdrawn, either officially or unofficially, the college will perform the necessary calculations and notify you if you are eligible for further payments or if you must return any of the aid you already received. This notification will also indicate what you must do to receive additional payments or repay any funds that you were overpaid.